As a carer, I know all too well the extra care we need to take to keep our families safe and healthy during winter. Here are a few tips from my family to yours. Blow winter worries away with vitamins and minerals too!
What’s the difference between cold and flu symptoms?
Can you stop yourself from getting sick this winter?
Here are some tips to help with the answer to these questions.
We prioritise sleep and regular exercise to help keep our immune systems strong,
To stay hydrated we always ensure our kids take a full bottle of water to school so they can avoid sharing cups or using water fountains which are easy ways germs can spread.
A well-balanced diet with plenty of colourful fruits and vegetables will also help. Whilst vitamins should never replace a healthy diet. they can be a great way to support it.
Probiotics may help give your immune system a boost. We sprinkle a Probiotic Immune Kids powder on cereal or mix into a glass of milk.
Check with your Pharmacist about what could work for your family.
Encourage kids to wash their hands with soap and water before eating and after using the bathroom. Not sure how long for? Singing Happy Birthday twice through is the perfect length! Hand sanitiser is great for when washing hands isn’t possible.
You can attach a small bottle to our kid’s school bag so they can use it before recess and lunch.
Children can be prone to asthma attacks in winter so if you have a child who suffers from asthma, be sure to check their Asthma Action Plan.
How do you recover quickly from a cold or the flu?
Shop our latest catalogue now with online chemist advertising on this site.
National Diabetes Week 12 July – 18 JulyStay on top of your Diabetes this National Diabetes Week with a visit to your Pharmacist.
They can support your diabetes management with a medicine review and give you advice on self-monitoring, foot care, and managing your diabetes under stress.
For more information, check out page catalogue or visit Wizard’s Health Hub.
Annual flu vaccination is the best defense to help you fight the flu.
Ensure you eat well, drink lots of fluids, and get plenty of sleep.
Boost Your Immune
Speak to a Wizard Pharmacist or Naturopath about what supplements can help you.
Practice Good Hygiene
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser. Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow when sneezing.
Help reduce fever, headaches and body aches by using pain relief such as Ibuprofen or Paracetamol as directed by your Pharmacist
Using a nasal spray may provide relief from a stuffy or blocked nose,
Chesty Cough Liquids.
A constant cough can stop you in your tracks. A chesty cough liquid can provide relief from this common cold and Du symptom and reduce phlegm build-up.
Sore Throat Lozenges
Help soothe your throat with lozenges that ease discomfort and reduce inflammation.
Stay at Home
Help prevent the spread by staying at home and limiting contact with others for 14 days.
Be sure to get plenty of rest. This can help boost your immune system to get you feeling better
Stay well hydrated with water and electrolytes to replenish fluids and help your breathing.
Ease your breathing with a humidifier or vaporiser. Head over to the Shop on this website to see humidifiers.
Please discuss any concerns you may have with your GP or Pharmacists. Stay Safe and Well with a quality product such as Blackmores.
The immune system is our most important defender against foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria,
It is only when we begin to feel run down or can’t shake a cold that we give the immune system the attention it deserves. Herbal and nutrient supplements can help improve your resistance to infections, and help you recover should you suffer winter ills and chills.
Essential ingredients during winter:
In conclusion, this winter we have had to cope with a pandemic and flu season at the same time. With a little bit of extra planning, those contagious viruses will be minimalized with a little extra thought. Stay Safe and well.
With the support of your doctor or naturopath, better mental health can be achieved. You can develop strategies to help you feel in control of your situation. Stress does not discriminate on age or gender, with both men and women of any’ age feeling the effects of stress at some time or another.
However, what is stressful for one person may not be’stressful for another, as everybody reacts to stress in different ways. In fact, stress can be so ingrained’ in your daily life, that it may feel ‘normal’. Nevertheless, it is important not to underestimate the impact that stress may have on your physical and mental well being.
Working with a Natural Healthcare Practitioner who understands the effects of stress, and who can identify and provide strategies for your specific needs, will help you increase your tolerance to stress and reduce its impact on your body and mind.
Setting Goals to Improve Mental Wellbeing
Setting goals gives life direction, boosts motivation and increases self-confidence. Goals, whether big or small, set to be achieved in a week or a year, are significant signposts on your way to health and well being. That said, goals should be set to give you the greatest chance of success.
Your Practitioner may have a system to help you set some weekly personal goals. Alternately, you and your Practitioner can use the tips below to formulate some achievable goals that will help you to reduce the impact of stress on your well being. Once agreed upon, write these in a Personal Wellbeing Journal.
A commonly used goal-setting method uses the ‘SMART’ approach:
Firstly, find you’re ‘why’– why do you want to achieve your goal? Then ask yourself What? Where, When, Who, Which. Detailed specific goals are more likely to be achieved. Your goal and so know you have achieved it?
Measurable: Make your measurement something you can write down each day in your journal to track your progress.
Attainable: Once you identify what is important to you, consider what your challenges might you find? How will you overcome them? Do not shrink your goal to accommodate your attitudes. Aim to grow and expand your attitudes and beliefs to achieve your goal.
Realistic: Goals Need To Be Realistic. Be sure you are both willing and able to achieve your goal, even if it will take time.
What Does Stress Feel Like to You? The Many Faces of Stress
Stress can manifest in many ways and is different for each individual. You may identify with one or a combination of these different presentations.
Nervous tension and anxiety: Frequent and persistent tension and anxiety may manifest as excessive fear and worry, restlessness, tightening of the chest, racing heartbeat, and in extreme cases panic attacks. This negatively impacts the quality of life and normal day-to-day functioning.
Wired and tired: When stress is ongoing, your brain may perceive this as an ongoing threat, mounting a stress response to keep you alert or ‘wired’. This can reduce your ability to relax and wind-down, resulting in feeling not only wired but tired too – a sensation of being unable to switch-off in spite of being exhausted.
Exhausted and flat: In some individuals, exposure to ongoing stress may physically change the way their brain is able to respond. In these circumstances, the person is left feeling both physically and mentally exhausted, affecting performance at work and in everyday life.
Low mood: Ongoing stress can lead to structural changes to brain tissues, changing the way the brain functions. This can affect the activity of brain chemicals leading to feelings of poor mood.
Emotional: In many people, the effects of ongoing stress impacts their resilience. This may manifest as feelings of overwhelm, vulnerability, and lead to teary, weepy moments.
Insomnia: Stress can negatively impact sleep quality and quantity. This may manifest as an inability to unwind and fall asleep due to ruminating thoughts about your day, frequent waking, and/or feeling unrefreshed upon waking.
What Drives Stress?
Stress acts to motivate and sharpen your focus in situations where immediate action is required. The greater the intensity or urgency of the situation, the greater your stress response will be. For example, if you are faced with danger, your body switches on your acute stress response (also called the ‘flight or fight’ response) to give you a burst of energy and to help you deal with the danger by either running away or fighting back.
However, in the modern world, with emotional triggers seemingly around every corner, many people are faced with ongoing stressors, such as work deadlines, being stuck in traffic, endless emails, and negative news stories. In response to stress, your body releases the hormone cortisol – a chemical that allows you to stay in an active, attentive state for long periods of time in order to handle the stress at hand.
Chronic stress strongly affects every system in your body, with ongoing or poorly managed stress increasing the risk of experiencing potential health consequences.
Stress may affect:
Mental well being and mood
Sleeping patterns (e.g. your ability to fall asleep and stay asleep)
Cardiovascular function, such as your heart rate and blood pressure; and
It is important to manage your stressors in addition to your physical response to stressful situations in order to ensure balance and health are maintained.
Everyone is unique in how they respond to snd experience stress. Your practitioner will help you to identify the causes of your stress. but also the impact stress may be having on you physically and/or mentally that may not be obvious. This may include;
Inflammation and infection
Oxidative Stress – stress can destroy brain cells.
Your doctor can assess and prioritize all the above stress contributors and may recommend nutritional and herbal support, detoxification and weight management programs, diet, and lifestyle intervention specific to your needs.
What is your first aid kit going to be used for? Whether the first aid kit is for travel, hiking, overseas travel, or just for the medical supplies at home, it is best to pack items that are going to be needed for specific functions.
You can design a first aid kit for different situations. The bottom line is to decide which medical problems you will most likely be facing in the situation you are concerned about.
The kits may be packed in such a way that you will find the exact item you need for a particular injury easily and quickly. Here are some examples.
Hiking First Aid Kit
Should be lightweight pack to carry
Bandaids for blisters, and be able to treat sprain and strains.
Compact first aid manual
Pressure immobilisation bandages
Snake Bite Bandage
Regular roller bandages
Triangular bandage for breaks
Gauze or cotton pads for wounds
Assorted bandaids for blisters and cuts
Moleskin and/or blister kit
Trekkers Wool (for hotspot and blister prevention)
Self management of diabetes and glucose levels can be challenging sometimes. If you are frail, or if you take other medicines or have other health problems, you may be at greater risk of hypoglycemia.
It is recommended that your doctor reviews your targets on a regular basis.
They can help set blood glucose targets that will keep you safe.
The target blood glucose levels for people over 65 who are living independently is generally between 4 and 10 mmol/L. This range may increase to between 6 to 15 mmol/L if you take medication for your diabetes, become frail, have other health problems, or are at risk of falls.
Ask your doctor what targets you should be aiming for. Blood glucose meters and other devices used to help manage your diabetes need regular review, testing, and upgrading. Your diabetes educator or pharmacist may be able to help you with this.
Healthy Tip – 1
Once you turn 65, ask your doctor to review your blood glucose targets regularly.
It is not uncommon for people with diabetes to have a high blood glucose level. Generally, a blood glucose level over 15mmol/L is considered hyperglycemia and should prompt you to think about why it could be high.
A high blood glucose level now and then is not a problem. However, if you get symptoms of hyperglycemia or your blood glucose levels to remain high for a few days, it is really important to contact your doctor.
There are several causes of hyperglycemia in people:
• too little insulin or diabetes medicine
• food intake not being covered adequately by insulin or medication
• decrease inactivity
• illness, infection or injury
• severe physical or emotional stress
• taking certain medications, in-particular oral steroids or steroid injections
• insulin pump not working properly.
If you have a blood glucose level over 15mmof/L and you are not sure what to do, or if you are becoming unwell, contact your doctor.
Healthy Tip – 2
As you get older you may find your hyperglycemia warning signs change. When you were younger, early warning symptoms of hyperglycemia may have included increased thirst, passing lots of urine, nausea, blurred vision, or dry mouth. As you get older your warning signs may become less obvious feel tired or confused or you may feel nothing at all. If you think that it might affect you, it is strongly recommended you discuss it with your doctor or diabetes educator.
When you are unwell, you need to take extra care. Your diabetes may become harder to manage when you are sick.
It can be really helpful to talk to your doctor or diabetes educator about what to do if you become sick before it happens. How you manage will depend on whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
Your doctor or diabetes educator can help you write a plan for what to do if you become unwell. Make sure you give a copy of the plan to your family and friends, so they also know what to do.
Healthy Tip 3
If you talk to your doctor or diabetes educator now about a sick day plan, you will be prepared.
Keep your plan handy and make sure you give a copy to your family and friends.
Managing Your Physical Activity As You Get Older
The aging process, the complications of diabetes, and other health issues can result in physical limitations that have an impact on our lives. You may experience vision problems, hearing loss, have less physical energy and flexibility or be in pain.
It is important to:
have your feet checked every six months
have your hearing tested every year”
have your eyes tested every two’
(or more often if advised), and
Let your doctor know if you have pain or feel sore or are uncomfortable in any part of your body.
Sometimes people think they are too old or frail to exercise but any increase in activity can make a difference to your health and well-being.
It is recommended that people over 65 years do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most preferable days.
If you are already this active, keep going!
If you have not been this active or you have not exercised for a while, it is a good idea to talk to your doctor before you start.
Begin slowly and build up: for example, if you are aiming for 30 minutes of walking per day, start with 10 minutes once or twice a day. After two weeks, make it 15 minutes twice a day and you will have reached your goal of 30 minutes a day.
There are many ways you can keep active such as walking, gentle swimming, working in the garden, washing the car, dancing, or Tai Chi. Being physically active in the company of other people can be very enjoyable, and can help you to keep motivated and committed.
Try walking with a family member, friend, or neighbor, or see what senior classes your local council offers.
It is important to do a range of activities that include fitness, strength, flexibility and balance.
If you are not sure how these ”types of activities” or you are not sure what activity or how many days is preferable then it’s best you talk to your doctor or an exercise physiologist. They can help tailor a program just for you.
Managing Your Emotions
Significant life changes can put them at risk of anxiety and depression.
The future and bereavement can contribute to feelings of helplessness and depression.
Living with diabetes can also be tiring and worrying about you and your family .
Diabetes means you look after yourself every single day, with no breaks.
This constant pressure can take its toll and you may feel anxious or depressed.
Symptoms of anxiety and depression in older people are sometimes is not recognised because this can be seen as part of ‘growing old’.
It is important for you to talk to your doctor or other health professions about getting the right advice and support.
feel sad, feel tired, sleep a lot or have daytime sleepiness
have trouble falling or staying asleep
have unexplained or aggravated aches and pains
are reluctant to be with friends, participate in activities or leave your home
lose weight or your appetite
Jack motivation or energy
have slowed movement or speech
neglect your personal care (such as skipping meals, forgetting your medicine or neglecting personal hygiene)
are frequently worried or have concerns about a number of things in your life including your health
have feelings of worthlessness or self-loathing
fixated on death or have thoughts of harming yourself or suicide.
Manage your blood sugar better with ALIGN Blood Glucose monitor available through the Store on this web site.
iHealth ALIGN Blood Glucose Monitor works exclusively with iHealth test strips and works with the app to track expiration and quantity, so you never run out.
iHealth Blood Glucose Test Strips are sold separately.
About the size of a quarter, this portable glucometer fits easily into your pocket and attaches directly to your smartphone or tablet for fast, accurate readings whenever, wherever.
Portable glucometer works with the free Gluco-Smart app for iOS and Android devices to help you manage your diabetes. Align lets you measure and record blood sugar readings, share measurements with your doctor right from your smartphone or tablet.
Take control of your diabetes with the AlIGN.
Document medication, exercise, and diet, and track trends over time for a more complete picture of your health.
Finally, I will summerise this article for you. Ask your doctor what targets you should be aiming for. Blood glucose meters and other devices used to help manage your diabetes need regular review, testing, and upgrading. Your diabetes educator or pharmacist may be able to help you with this. Keep active, maintain a healthy diet will a lot of fresh veggies. Keep active at the level you are comfortable with and aim for good mental health and balanced relationships.
10 key steps to eating healthy include small and simple steps we can take with our diet that can help us feel more alive with energy and life. Whole, unprocessed food provides our bodies with the nutrients it requires to function at its best for the healthiest life possible.
1. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables is included in the key steps to eating healthy. Try to eat 7 serves of different fruits and vegetables each day and aim for 40 or more different plant foods each week. This includes nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and healthy seed grains like quinoa and buckwheat. The more plant food variety we have in our diet, the better the health of the microbiome, and the more antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals we have to keep our cells fully functioning. Eat fresh organic produce as much as possible.
If you can’t afford organic foods then wash your fruit and vegetables well with a fruit and veggie wash or scrub with water and vinegar to remove the pesticide residue. Testing has shown that organic foods are more than 50 times higher in vitamins, minerals, and anti-oxidants’. Eat mostly raw or lightly cooked vegetables.
Either eat raw or steam, aiming to maintain the crispiness and color. When the weather is cooler, it is important to include more cooked foods as raw foods are very cooling on the body and can cause fatigue.
2. Eat wholegrain grains and cereals. If you want to eat bread, limit to 1-2 slices per day and make sure they are whole and unprocessed such as rye, spelt, Kamut, and pumpernickel bread. Try using brown rice or quinoa instead of refined white rice or cook half and half. Eat cereals made from whole grains, nuts, and seeds, high in fiber, and no added sugar.
3. Include a variety of lean meat, fish, poultry, or vegetarian alternatives in your steps to eating healthy. Free-range, grass-fed meat is more nutrient-dense and better tasting. Free-range roaming chickens are healthier as they are lower or free from chemicals. Eat large ocean fish only 1-2 per week (as they can accumulate toxins and heavy metals), focus more on smaller fish such as mackerel and herring 3-4 times per week. Include at least 5 vegetarian meals per week eg quiche, veggie burgers, quinoa salad/bake. Choose organic animal foods as much as possible as it will be free from chemicals.
4. Dairy foods and alternatives (optional) a Use natural yogurts with probiotics eg vaalia (not Yakult, too much sugar), you can add the fruit yourself if you want, for flavor. When selecting soy milk choose those made from non-GM, whole soya beans, and use in moderation. If you don’t have an intolerance to dairy small amounts of milk, cheese and yogurt are okay in your diet.
If you do have an intolerance to dairy substitutes with goat’s milk, coconut milk, calcium-fortified soy, and rice milk, or nut and seed milk e.g. almond and oat milk.
5. Drink plenty of water. Water is required to keep your body hydrated and to flush water-soluble toxins from the body.
You should drink at least 3 liters of filtered water each day, plus an extra half to one liter for every hour of exercise/heavy sweating.
Water keeps our cells healthy and fluid, which means nutrients can enter efficiently and waste products can leave the cell properly.
Keeping hydrated also helps with brain function and hormonal balance and protects our kidneys.
Filtered water is a better option to reduce the exposure to chemicals that are often added to our water.
These chemicals in the water can bind to vitamins and minerals in our blood and excrete them, which can lead to deficiencies.
6. Limit unhealthy fats including foods that have been deep-fried, a packet of chips, cheap chocolate, vegetable oils such as canola, and rice bran.
7. Use healthy oils every day. Use cold-pressed virgin olive oil or coconut oil for cooking. Flaxseed, avocado, and nut oils make great oils for salad dressing, these oils can’t be heated. Increase intake of Omega 3 oils eg fish oils, flaxseed oil, hemp seed oil, chia seeds, and hemp seeds. Add the oils to your breakfast, salads, veggies.
Omega 3 fats are important for hormones and brain, skin, and User health and are naturally anti-inflammatory.
8. Limit alcohol intake. Studies have found that no amount of alcohol is actually okay for the body. If you would like to enjoy alcohol, limit your intake to 3-4 standard drinks/week.
9. Divide your meal up to get a balance of macronutrients. Divide your plate with a palm-sized portion of protein plus 3 handfuls of vegetables or salads. If you want a larger meal, add more vegetables.
A vegetarian meal could include a combination of eggs, beans, nuts, seeds, lentils, chickpeas, tofu, tempeh, cheese, grains, seaweed, sprouts, quinoa, hummus, and miso as well as vegetable and salads.
10. Eat small and regular meals if you have a blood sugar issue. If you get dizzy or irritable between meals try eating more fat and fewer carbohydrates such as potato, rice, pasta, cereals. Eat 4-6 small meals rather than 2-3 large meals. When we eat more fat, fewer carbohydrates, and moderate protein, we should be able to go from one meal to the next without snacking. This is a sign of a good blood sugar balance.
11. Food breaks. Ideally, our bodies need 3-4 hours break between meals and 3-4 hours break between dinner and bed. Studies show this improves sleep, mood, digestive capacity, immunity, and general wellbeing.
12. Minimize your toxic load a toxins/chemicals in our environment, in our food and drink and what we put on our body affects our hormones, the quality of our cells (therefore our whole body), and can compromise our energy, focus, and mood. Take care to choose chemical-free shampoo, toothpaste, and moisturizer in particular.
When our skin is hot ie in the shower and we create friction ie brushing our teeth, our pores are more open and can more readily absorb toxins. You can start by replacing 1 item at a time as you finish with them. Also, avoid heating food in plastic as when it is warm, the plastic will release hormone-disrupting chemicals into the food. Try heating in glass containers.
13. Detox! Everybody needs a cleanse and detox 1 -2 times per year to keep our body healthy and clean so we can lead the best life possible.
Here’s a popular saying about the meridian system in traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM): “If free flow, there’s no suffering; if there’s suffering, there’s no free flow.”
Intra-traditional medicine is commonly used to encourage circulation, particularly in the case of moderate loss of local blood microcirculation. For healthy individuals, meridian therapy encourages local metabolism and wellbeing recovery.
Cupping entails applying heat stimulation to body acupoints to facilitate unblocked meridians and qi and blood flow, thus eradicating illness and improving health.
The oldest known cupping technique was fire cupping, where heat was used to induce adsorption of cups placed on the skin for localised hyperemia or swelling.
This may lead to capillary breakdown, resulting in the loss of red blood cells and hemolysis, and constant relaxation and body health protection.
TCM maintains that cupping therapy improves blood supply and prevents blood stasis. This form of therapy ‘s advantages include non-invasiveness and operational ease.
Therefore, a form of physical therapy has long been used in healthcare. Cupping is an effective treatment.
It has broad and deep ramifications and has been practised continuously for 1,000 years. Yes, cupping can become a precious legacy of human civilisation creation. Technology and research should be incorporated into cupping therapy to help and preserve its value. Cupping is an alternative heat-based treatment in TCM.
Duration and temperature can not be adequately controlled during surgery, however, which can cause skin burns. Inconveniences and complications of conventional cupping therapy have limited its use. This dimension of traditional medicine is at risk of being forgotten to future generations, becoming a big concern.
Cupping is a form of thermal stimulation in which a certain degree of heat needs to be obtained and error is not allowed because the procedure would not be suitable for outdoor heat and indoor cold.
Cupping therapy uses various cups. They contain bamboo pots, terrines, glass bowls, bottles with smooth bottlenecks, tea cups, and bamboo cords. In addition to conventional cupping techniques, several new devices have been developed, including glass cups, rubber cups, plastic cups, and suction aspirators.
Glass and plastic cups are most commonly used as replacement cupping materials. Many jars and cups are usually made using translucent acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS); the benefits include compressive power, corrosion resistance and non-toxicity.
Transparent cups allow easy observation of colour changes, blisters and blood blisters on the skin under the cupand help determine the severity of symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, providing a basis for diagnosis
Heat is helpful to the operation of the body, but it can do irreparable harm to the human body unnecessarily or over-used. Heat will enter the skin and increase tissue temperature to 42 ° C, causing cells to die naturally.
Besides temperature , thermal therapy duration is an important factor that can cause thermal damage. Due to the fact that cell tissue can tolerate temperatures of up to 58 ° C for just threeminutes, sustained thermal therapy can destroy the cell membrane’s lipid layer and induce protein changes in cells that can lead to cell coagulation necrosis.
Depending on the depth of body tissue penetration, heat therapy can be classified into superficial heat therapy and deep heat therapy. Penetration depth is less than 1 cm in superficial heat therapy and can reach 3-6 cm in deep heat therapy.
Although technologies using heat in medical treatment are already relatively advanced, recent studies have succeeded in developing medical cupping equipment. During therapy, the amount of heat used to better serve patient needs is dictated largely by the physician’s expertise. This study developed a heat-cutting therapeutic device capable of time and temperature control, an innovative device for product type and basic functions.
The exterior design of the controlling device is illustrated in Figure 1. The appearance is solid andrefined; modern technology is used inside combined with the Bagua and Taiji designs used on the outer casing.I
n Taoism, Bagua and Taiji have many implications and are believed to suppress discomfort and give the patient piece of mind while expelling any discomfort during medical treatment.
A temperature controller and other elements were integrated into the controlling device. With regard to design, the main consideration was given to the efficiencyof the electronic components and dissipation of accumulated heat.The dimensions of the controlling device are 250mm.
The developed controller can easily set heating and temperature values. When the temperature is above or below the set temperature, feedback signals from the temperature sensor device allow adjustments to be made at any time. In the experiment below, Was a second temperature control unit
Cupping is a healthy and easy form of therapy. However, many people buy at-home cups that can lead to burns due to lack of any restrictions in cupping application. Moderncupping mainly switched away from heat and chose to use vacuum cups to improve the consistency of cupping therapy.
Although technologies using heat in medical treatment are already relatively advanced, recent studies on heat transfer in cupping have succeeded in developing medical cupping equipment. During treatment, the amount of heat used to best meet the needs of the patient is determined primarily by the experience of the physician.
The developed device provides traditional medical treatments use electricity with a form of heating that can improve treatment efficiency. Empirical results showed that , despite temperature fluctuations, temperature control achieved stability. The temperatures in each test were within 60-120 seconds
It is an significant issue for the global health-care sector. Drug protection is an area of concern and is high-risk.
This post is part of a series of posts relating to taking good care of our health at home. Please read 4 Key Factors For Home Health Care Services if you wish to find out more information about what to expect from care givers.
Maintaining drug safety depends on a variety of factors, errors in assessment, prescribing, dispensation and observations that may lead to adverse effects and harm.
Specialists and the health care community are fallible. The system of health care and drug related services for doctors, health care professionals and health insurance sectors are costly.
Up to 30 per cent of seniors in the United States had a adverse response to their prescribed medication in 2017, according to the American Geriatrics Society. These reactions are most often triggered by skipping doses of medication or inadvertently doubling over drug doses. To avoid these complications and to reduce the risk of adverse reactions with prescription drugs, it is important that seniors establish and sustain a strong drug management programme that will allow them to handle each of their various prescription medicines effectively.
Clearly, medical professionals need to be involved in the research and improvement of drug health, Carers add to this agenda by taking a collective approach to investigating the complexity and protection of prescription control for chronically ill patients.
Few individuals also handle more than one medical condition, a diverse menu of pharmaceutical items and other treatment needs.
However, medication protection research to date has concentrated largely on hospital conditions and may have no applicability for home care. For example, unregulated staff, families and unpaid carers receive most healthcare in private homes not planned for such practises.
It is now widely understood that traditional approaches to identify drug-related problems, including labels such as ‘labelless therapy,’ ‘drug-free diagnosis,’ ‘fake medication,’ and ‘false dosage,’ are not acceptable and practical to home care.
Economic , cultural and neighbourhood concerns need to be addressed when evaluating the difficulties associated with medicine. This includes: whether the person can afford to fill the prescription with medication and transportation; anxiety about the side effects; confusion over the purpose, dose or pacing of the drug; and coping with an overwhelmed caregiver with their own health concerns.
It is difficult to provide for any family member who has chronic health problems. Increased number of patients discharged from hospital earlier in recovery process may create uncertainty about new drug regime.
Mobile equipment (i.e., peritoneal and haemodialysis, long-term intravenous catheters, and oxygen / inhalation therapy) has seen a significant rise in home hospital treatment. Both factors, including physical environment, social dynamics, and client and caregiver cognitive and physical skills, must be considered in providing home treatment.
Doctors do their utmost to provide the right dosage, but prescription medicines also cause unforeseen reactions. And keeping in good touch with the doctor is smart.
Do not hesitate to call if you think you have an adverse drug reaction or if you are afraid the drugs don’t play together well. The doctor can prescribe another drug or try alternatives to alternative therapies to help you feel better.
Many people are apprehensive about discussing all of their prescription medications with their doctor. Keep in touch with the doctor to make sure the prescription is as safe and effective as the day it was administered.
Many elderly caregivers face their own health issues and can lose sleep as they work almost 24 hours a day. Inside the institutional scenario of carers, there are two to three shifts a day.
Family members and carers often feel a sense of duty in trying to keep the client home without fully understanding that this goal could be unattainable or unrealistic.
Providers work with clients, families and their unpaid caregivers to reduce risks, but the complexity of home environments allows clients and caregivers to routinely exercise independent decision-making in the light of limited professional oversight and often stressed or absent support from home and the community.
In fact, the reporting and communication challenges that are heightened across industries at transition points also raise the potential for inadequate drug resolution and related risks.
However, it is not possible to ignore the vulnerability of home care workers employed mainly without adequate management assistance, and the heterogeneity of each home environment. Consequently, customer service and drug management protection can not be discussed without involving family members, unpaid caregivers and paying providers in the equation.
Our point of view is that the unique life of private homes and communities as well as the various interrelationships between individuals, households, unpaid caregivers and home care staff is a complex socio-ecological issue in terms of healthy handling of drugs.
Implicit in this perspective of health is the assumption that interactions between human beings and the world are mutual. To elucidate this dynamic relationship, this approach integrates several ideas from machine theory.
Another ecological perspective principle is that people can be represented at multiple aggregation levels in environments: person, family, organisation, society and population.
The need to both explain the multiple levels of problem determinants and recognise opportunities for improvement under this assumption.
Because medicines can interfere poorly with each other, creating a plan for handling medicines does more than just help you stay organised: it also helps you stay healthy.
By knowing which medicines you are taking, you can take responsibility for your own health care and help ensure you remain at low risk for adverse drug interactions.
If prescription medicines are taken properly, they can help us lead happier lives and when you build a medication treatment plan that works for you, it can take a huge stress out of your life and free you up to think about more important things – including spending time with friends and family.
If you use a timer and pill dispenser you can not stress about missing your medication. If you get confused about when you take your medication or you feel that there has been a dispensery error please contact the chemist or doctor’s surgery as soon as possible. It is better to be safe than sorry.
“When I make dinner, I have my routine. I really don’t have to think about it too much.”
Food preparation, for many, is a repeated or habitual behavior. The more often a task like preparing food is repeated, the more “automatic” it becomes—that is, less cognitive effort is needed.
Intervening to break this chain of events by introducing a new procedure (e.g., using soap to wash hands instead of just rinsing them, using a thermometer to judge doneness instead of just assessing color) is challenging.
“It’s not my responsibility.”
Some families feel food safety is the responsibility of others higher in the food safety chain who control food safety risks prior to food being offered for sale As a result, they deem food safety as not important in the home environment and may not accept their role in preventing foodborne illness in the home. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
“I enjoy eggs with a runny center.” “I prefer the taste of rare meat.”
These families are concerned the new behavior will change the taste of foods and diminish their pleasure. This is important to consider given that taste is the number one driver of food choices.
Cost: Benefit Miscalculations
“That takes too much time!” “It’s inconvenient.”
Some feel the time, effort, and resources needed to make the change are not reasonable or convenient. Foodborne illness often is mild and of short duration, thus many families may not be aware of its sometimes devastating and deadly outcomes when they (mis)calculate the value of safe food handling procedures.
“What would my family think if I checked their burgers with a thermometer?”
Individuals with the primary responsibility for preparing foods in their household indicate that they take great pride in their cooking. In addition, they highly rate the quality of the work done by those who prepare foods in their homes to ensure the safety of their food. Some household food preparers feel that new behaviors, like using thermometers to check cooking temperatures, would diminish the opinions others have of their skills as a cook.
Faulty Outcome Expectations
“I’ve always done it this way and haven’t gotten sick.”
These families o not perceive that the current way of behaving is problematic (or making them susceptible) to foodborne illness. They may fail to understand how emerging pathogens and changes in the food supply make what was once a safe behavior (e.g., eating raw eggs or rare burgers) a risky behavior. Compounding this problem is that few believe that home prepared foods are a likely cause of foodborne illness.
“It won’t happen to me.”
Nearly 6 out of 10 families believe their chances of getting foodborne illness are low. Some families believe that they have a small chance of getting a foodborne illness compared to others. This optimistic bias is positively linked with risky behaviors and neglects to take precautionary measures, which is related to increased incidence of accidents and foodborne illness.
Most (90%) report their personal risk of illness from eating food they prepared is low. But, when asked about the risk of others in their social group, only 41% thought these individuals had a low risk of illness from eating food they prepared. Rating one’s own risk as lower than others in one’s social group—those with whom an individual compares him or herself—is an indicator of low motivation to change precautionary behaviors.
Illusions of Control
“We take the necessary precautions in my home.”
Two-thirds believe they exert high levels of control over safe food handling when they prepare food. When asked what grade a food safety expert would give them for food preparation, service, and storage in their home, all but 2% gave themselves passing grades. When the family used a retail food establishment food safety evaluation checklist adapted for homes, scores were considerably lower. Scores were even lower when trained auditors evaluated home kitchens—the average grade was failing.
Making these results more disheartening is that participants in these home visit studies were aware that researchers would be coming to their home to observe and evaluate their kitchen practices.
How Can Health Professionals Help The Family Handle Food More Safely?
Health behavior change theories, such as the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior, and Social Cognitive Theory, provide valuable roadmaps for identifying key constructs to address when aiming to effect behavior change.
Although thousands of studies demonstrate the usefulness of these theories in designing effective interventions for a wide array of health behaviors, including food safety, few food safety interventions have been theory based. Food safety education programs built on the constructs below have the potential to help families gain the knowledge, skills, motivation, and confidence needed to handle foods more safely.
For behaviors associated with Clean, Separate, Chill, and Cook, many families are aware of the food safety basics. Families also understand that “germs” can hurt them. However, many still have food safety knowledge gaps and their knowledge of safe food handling practices does not always correspond with reported use. This suggests a need to build consumer knowledge, activate existing knowledge, and motivate information application.
Their own responsibility than that of others in the food safety chain or believe their risk of foodborne illness is controlled by fate or luck. Some feel they have little responsibility because they believe most foodborne illnesses are caused earlier in the food safety chain or by retail food establishments. Helping families understand the magnitude of control they have in their own homes as food safety risk managers and finding motivators—such as helping them understand that by using a thermometer, loved ones are less likely become sick from undercooked meat or showing them how easy thermometers are to use—can help promote behavior change.
Heighten Recognition of Susceptibility and Severity of Outcomes
Engaging in health protective behaviors is associated with greater perceived susceptibility or beliefs in the likelihood of a negative health outcome and its severity. For example, those who Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10 4071 believe food poisoning is a personal threat eat fewer risky foods. Personalizing risks can help get better understand their own foodborne illness susceptibility. Thus, interventions should help families learn who is at increased risk for foodborne illness as better knowledge of these groups predicts better compliance with safe food handling recommendations.
Emphasize Behavioral Control
Perceived behavioral control is a significant predictor of safe food handling intentions.
However, it is difficult to motivate families to change when they feel confident that they are already controlling foodborne illness risks in their kitchens. Tools that help families pinpoint problems in their own kitchen, such as home kitchen food safety self-assessments, could personalize the message and increase their awareness of problem spots. These tools also can clarify how current behaviors could be endangering their health and how simple changes can lower the danger level. Another tool is “recipe Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)”—that is, teaching families to identify steps in a recipe that may increase food safety hazards and think ahead about how to resolve them.
If families are worried about possible embarrassment of performing new behaviors, like using a cooking thermometer, improving attitudes toward the behavior and changing beliefs about how others in their social network perceive the behavior can build the confidence needed to motivate families to make changes. Social networks may influence a broad array of health-risk behaviors, especially among adolescents. Although few studies examining the role of social influences
on food safety behaviors could be located, studies of other health behaviors strongly suggest that utilizing social networks in food safety interventions could increase their effectiveness. In addition, working to shift social norms, such as by modeling thermometer use or other food safety behaviors on television programs can help build confidence (an example of a video clip that shifted social norms that may be familiar to readers is the “double” dipping” clip from a Seinfeld episode.
Offer Cues to Action
Researchers have reported that families take food safety precautions only when they perceive a risk, such as when they handle raw poultry, fear they may give others food poisoning, or when others are watching. At other times, families may be acting out of habit and make food handling mistakes because they lack “cues to action”. Fein and colleagues use the analogy of driving a car—drivers are constantly taking protective actions in response to cues, such as the yellow stripe in the middle of the road or a stop sign. But, when making dinner, hazards are not visible (e.g., pathogens on the unwashed produce that are contaminating the counter and our hands) and there are few, if any, cues to remind us to practice safe food handling (e.g., use soap to wash hands or keep washed and unwashed produce separated).
Risk messages or handling instructions on food packages help cue some to change their behavior. In one study, the control group received a chicken salad recipe and the experimental group received the same recipe with a printed message encouraging them to take great care to avoid cross contaminating the salad by preventing raw meat juices from coming in contact with other ingredients and utensils. Salads made by the group receiving the cue had significantly less bacteria than those made by the control group, putting the experimental group at a four-fold lower relative risk of falling ill than the control group. Another study that involved preparing a chicken salad recipe found that only 57% of important hygiene measures (i.e., washing hands with soap and water, checking doneness with a thermometer) were used by participants.
Adding food safety cues to food packages may be particularly effective given that nearly half of families indicate they commonly read cooking instructions on food packages. Placing soap dispensers in direct line of sight also helps improve hand washing. Adding endpoint cooking temperatures in educational materials and cookbooks are other cues to action. Printing washing instructions on reusable grocery bags could cue families to wash them.
These are some thing that can help improve food safety on the home.
The purpose of a healing garden is a function of individual plants. To ease pain, calm the nerves or lower blood pressure are some examples. Consideration to the patient and individual plants’ characteristics is the essentialcomponent to this garden.
Aromatic plants bear characteristics that are in a special class of there own. Gardeners can frequently and skillfully handle the beauty of colors and design, but the creation of a healing garden has an added layer of planning when it comes to the application of fragrant plants. This is the contrast between healing plants and common plants. To understand the differences, its important to touch on the characteristics of aromatic plants.
Characteristics of the Healing Garden
Healing garden includes the essentials and characteristics of common garden. It places particular emphasis on the creation of the environment for recuperation and healing in accordance with different groups of users, and highlights the functionality of facilitating healing.
Furthermore, it guarantees that owners can utilize the garden space conveniently and comfortably, and plays the role of facilitating the healing. Healing gardens mainly involve four aspects, which are the orientation towards the disadvantaged groups, the objective of healing, the landscape as the material and interaction as the medium.
Healing gardens, which is oriented towards the physiologically or mentally disadvantaged (disabled) groups, such as the elderly, the sick, the disabled and the injured, etc., relies on such plant landscapes as arbor, shrub and flower (grass) to organize patients’ multi-dimensional landscape experience and social activities.
Hence, it implements comprehensive landscape venues which alleviate pain, recover (physiological) functions, build up confidence and delight the mood .
The Function of Aromatic Plants.
Adjust mood and alleviate pain
The effect of aromatic plants’ volatile matter in adjusting mood has been proved by many scholars. By virtue of olfactory pathway, aromatic matter acts on the central nervous system, adjusts and balances the vegetative nervous system, so as to generate the effect of stabilizing, relaxing, delighting or agitating.
Lower blood pressure and improve immune function
It has been proved by experiments that aromatic plants’ volatile matter plays a certain role in lowering blood pressure and improving immune function. It is pointed out by research that specific combination of aromatic plants manifests significant effect in lowering blood pressure and facilitating health care.
Beautify and aromatize the environment.
Aromatic plants’ flower, fruit, branch and leaf are of very high ornamental value. Meanwhile, the diversified colors, shapes, charms, fragrance and texture can all bring all-round enjoyment of beauty. Fragrant flowered plants can also attract butterflies and bees, which can collect pollen. The fruits of some aromatic plants can attract a number of birds, through which an ideal landscape effect with birds’ twitter and fragrance of flowers can be realized.
Purify air and drive away mosquitoes and flies .
The fragrance of an aromatic plants, plays a role of sterilizing, disinfecting and resisting oxidation, can sterilize the air, which further realizes the effect of purifying air. Through their blades, aromatic plants can absorb toxic substances in the air, so that some toxic substances can decompose within the body or degrade and convert into non-toxic substances on their own. The special aroma secreted by certain aromatic plants, which can drive away mosquitoes, flies and insects, become an efficient and generally popularized natural mosquito repellent that’s non-toxic and non-pollutant, and leaves no residue.
Aromatic plants can be basically divided into seven categories.
1) Fragrant Grass
Generally speaking, fragrant grass refers to aromatic herbal plants that deliver fragrance through the whole grass or the ground.
Lavender, mint, verbena, purple perilla, sage, parsley, spearmint and cymbopogon, etc. Fragrant flower
2) Fragrant flower refers to a type of aromatic plants whose flowers deliver fragrance.
Eg: sweet-scented osmanthus, wintersweet, narcissus, banana shrub, freesia, edgeworthia chrysantha, rose chinensis, fragrant plantain lily, Chinese wisteria, gardenia, orchid, jasmine, magnolia flower and sophora flower, etc.
2) Fragrant Leaf
Fragrant leaf refers to a type of plants whose leaves deliver intense fragrance. Eg: Camphor tree, acorus calamus and cajeput, etc.
3) Fragrant Root
Fragrant root refers to woody or herbal plants that deliver fragrance. Eg: Juniper, asarum sieboldin and vetiver grass, tc.
4) Fragrant Wood
Fragrant wood refers to aromatic plants whose trunks and timber can deliver fragrance. Eg: Phoebe, bournei, cinnamon camphora, aquilaria, agallocha, etc.
5) Fragrant Fruit
Fragrant fruit refers to aromatic woody or herbal plants whose fruits deliver fragrance. Eg Citrus, vanilla planifolia, mango, grapefruit, lemon and kumquat, etc.
6) Fragrant Tree
Fragrant tree mostly refers to aromatic woody plants, which deliver fragrance through two or above organs. Eg Camphor tree, cinnamon, algum, etc.
Creation of Visual Environment with Aromatic Plants
As a type of landscape plant, which uniquely bears the aromatic and ornamental property, it can aromatize and beautify the environment. Due to their ornamental characteristic, aromatic plants have been considered as an industrial crop that’s extensively utilized in garden appreciation and courtyard afforestation in European landscapes.
Because of its ornamental characteristics, aromatic plants have been considered an agricultural crop that has been used widely for garden cultivation and forestation in European and American countries, as well as in Korea and Japan for a long time.
Creation of Auditory Environment with Aromatic Plants
Aromatic plants produce a special tone of their own in nature. Tourists can hear the rattle of raindrops drummed rhythmically against the banana leaves, the rustle in the air produced by the shared motion of leaves, and the sound of birds sitting on the trees while having a rest and indulging in the environment. Both of these will help people get the normal breath and aesthetic pleasure.
Creation of Tactile Environment with Aromatic Plants
Aromatic plants will initiate purification from the environment and exert a subtle effect simultaneously on improving the immunity of recovering patients. The fragrance of sweet-scented osmanthus, for example, plays a role in cough relief, antisepsis and anti-inflammation, and in relieving the respiratory tract of patients with bronchitis.
After ballonets of the lungs absorb them, they will be converted to blood, which will circulate through the bloodstream, and distributed through the circulatory system across the body. Meanwhile, the components can serve as, for example, bronchus, a normal defensive shield of the respiratory system’s mucosa, to keep it from penetrating bacterial infection.
The next step is design the actual garden bed. To build raised garden bed I have attached a step by step instruction. There are many resources available on line. I will be adding more to this article as I find them.
Plants are closely related to the life of organisms. Aromatic plants have been an important constituent part of urban settlement with the social growth. Additionally, plant landscape formation is the key point and centre of healing garden architecture. Aromatic plants demonstrate the trait in various ways of enjoyment and odour. In terms of aromatic roles
In light of the functions of aromatic plants, the landscape and characteristics, suitable aromatic plants are selected for different groups of people in hospitals, schools and nursing homes, so as to further exert certain influence on people and facilitate the maintenance of health condition. As a whole, aromatic plants will definitely play a significant role in the construction of healing garden.
In reference to the covid virus and if you do use a face mask and are wearing it for preventative measures, I would suggest you add five drops of blue mallee eucalyptus, four drops of tea tree and one drop of lemon to the mask before wearing it.
Alternatively, you could make up a spray by diluting the essential oils in some ethanol and spraying this directly onto the mask before wearing it. If you are making up a blend for a diffuser, based on the recent research into vaporizing essential oils.