4 Key Factors For Home Health Care Services

Home Health Care Services

Home health care services should emphase the importance of improving life in everyday homes.

Linking with agencies or government services has a distinct impact on the quality of life for the person being cared for at home.

Developing quality care in individual lifes centres around topics of morality and social responsibility.

Nel Noddings who has authored  a book called “Starting At Home”, is one of the central figures in the contemporary discussion of ethics and moral education. Nodding argues that caring is a way of life, learned at home. This can be extended into a guide for social policy.

Tackling issues such as capital punishment, drug treatment, homelessness, mental illness, and abortion, Noddings inverts traditional philosophical priorities to show how an ethics of care can have profound and compelling implications on social and political thought and policy.

I have found this myself. In  caring for a downs son who is now an adult, for 30 years. I have taken the road less travelled and use phylosophical and ethical decisions to assist in improving the quality of care for my son at home.

So many people can impose their views onto a sometimes difficult situation. And yet in the end, I take time to be on my own and make the best ethical decision I can make at the time. Everything else comes secondary to that decision. Sometimes, family member imply that I have made it hard for myself. However, I sleep well at night knowing I am principle focused and not just going with the flow as so many Carers do. 

home health care services

The book “Starting At Home” describes an ideal world by outlining the environment of a loving home and family. The book asks us if we can expand what we have experienced at home into the broader social sphere in the community.

Noddings explores the conflict that characterised political ideology throughout the 20th century between independence and equality. She describes liberalism/independence to all is a problematic way to base social policy. Alternatively, the author believes attentive love in the house contributes to an acceptable reactivity that can be the basis for social policy.

home health care services

The author argues that, with attention on the person who may be socially isolated we can improve quality of life with at homecare given the right social support.

Noddings further notes that the issue of in home health care services should be driven by responsive policies that allow clinicians to adapt appropriately to the needs of many specific but different customers.

Noddings also advises that significant plans for family, career and public life should start in school education.

At home health care services links the connection between treatment for individuals and any debate for moral and social policy. Whilst stressing the significance of improving life in everyday homes, one can influence the potential function that social policy may play in this change.

Quality Of Care At Home

  • Communication

Contact with workers may lead to the problematic actions of certain clients (Hastings & Remington, 1994).

Common features in communication with carers/workers can be included in training and education.

home health care services

Non-verbal and verbal communication skills are used naturally in the home and in a family units.

Communications and communication styles need to be compatable with the client if you are a carer from an agency or family member as the main care giver.

home health care services

Carers and Care workers may not differ in the way they connect at home and/or at work.


Care workers and consumers utilise communicative interventions to a great degree.

Some workers have a willingness to utilise expressions, accessible and closed questions effectively other will not.

Eventually, the explanations why workers interact with consumers undoubtedly go beyond employees’ skills and contact knowledge.

Miscommunicartions can occur with auditory impairments, over stating the meanings of communication, and challenges to interpret the nonverbal actions of consumers as a way of connecting with people.

Communication both verbal and non verbal, written and oral, is a vital key to a happy interaction with carers and consumers. Clear communication and use of commonly understood language are integral to meeting
the expectations of all involved.

Good communication, creative thinking, problem-solving, the ability to adapt to people’s needs and a commitment to change are among the skills needed for successful engagement and participation.

Everyone, including staff and mental health consumers and carers engaged to contribute, should feel welcome and at ease to share their expertise. However, the skills it takes to navigate these processes may not come naturally to everyone, and in some cases, may need to be fostered.

For success, everyone involved in the process needs to be inclusive and committed to recognising and developing skills and knowledge. It is not enough to just give people a seat at the table. It takes time to develop trust and understanding in any relationship. The same is to be said for the Carer/consumer relationship.


Medical appointments, shopping, private, family activities need to continue while caring for your loved one. There is plenty to see. And even if you’ve given up car keys, getting where you need to go should be considerd.

Transportation services ensure secure, timely, and friendly transportation from A to B. It’s more than a pick-up service. Carers can help with getting ready, have some company, and ensure consumers are supported in every possible way.

home health care services

Transportation includes: Doctor’s appointments Shopping / barber appointments / escort to hospital and home pharmacy collection, social family activities. Every ride you take will be an opportunity rather than a chore.

Trusted carer’s supporting the consumer, will have the advantage of a close companionship everywhere you go.

A individual carer can choose when or where a consumer goes too. Medical Alert ID’s can be worn just in case of emergencies.


Lack of motivation can impact negatively on the individual’s participation in recovery or disability. Decreased participation and engagement during rehabilitation greatly influences the level of function gained, length of stay in the hospital, mood and discharge destination.

Motivation is the drive or reason that a patient has to participate in their rehabilitation. However,  motivation levels can be negatively affected by apathy and depression, which are commonly seen in the consumer population.

home health care services

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

Apathy is described as “reduced motivation to engage in activities or general lack of initiative”.

Strategies and Interventions For Motivation

There are some strategies and interventions that have been shown to help patients suffering from depression and apathy.

  • Therapeutic Connection

Clinicians can influence motivation through their manner, the level of support they offer to the patient and the level of their involvement as perceived by the patient. Developing rapport with the patient and being genuine in any interaction underpins therapeutic connectivity.

  • Goal-Setting

Motivation is enhanced when there are clear goals which are personally relevant and developed with mutual understanding, negotiation and interaction. Goals and therapy need to be personalised, functional and meaningful. Patients are less motivated if tasks are not meaningful to them. Describing goals using the patient’s language is as important as the development of the goal itself.

home health care services

It has been indicated that listening to music during neural recovery enhances focused attention and verbal memory.

  • Music Therapy

Collectively study findings provide evidence that music engages and facilitates a wide range of cognitive functions. There is indication that listening  to music during neural recovery enhances focused attention and verbal memory. Results were better when music most relevant to the individual was utilised for at least 60 minutes per day.

  • Cognitive Stimulation

    Enhancing perception, attention, comprehension, learning, remembering, problem-solving and reasoning are the goals of cognitive stimulation. Providing opportunities for social interactions with others including family, friends and pets (and incorporating them in their rehabilitation plan) will stimulate cognitive processes.

  • Person-Centred Care Planning

    Acknowledging the patient as a unique individual who is an expert on themselves underpins person-centredness. Providing choices through the provision of information and education may enable them to become more engaged and confident in decision-making processes.

Ascertaining the most likely cause for lack of motivation and disengagement in rehabilitation and recovery should determine the path of the treatment plan and the adoption of most effective interventions. Implementation of appropriate interventions decreases the risk of continued motivational impact on recovery, optimises functional independence and improves the patient’s quality of life post-discharge.

Willingness To Take Responsibility.

When consumers are in institutions, hospitals or group homes, their choice is often severely limited. Choices are made as simple as when to wake up, what to eat, or who to spend your time with. We need to ensure that there is sufficient community housing and resources so that the person in recovery or with a disability can exercise their right to make decisions, take chances, engage in and even succeed in the often frightening and uncertain outside world.

home health care services

Hope is essential to recovery. Every option involves failure or success. Over-protective, limiting opportunities for people, not allowing them to take risks or try new stuff, crushes hope. It can be seen in many individuals long institutionalised or hospitalised. This can also lead to learned helplessness, sometimes more crippling than the disease itself (Petersen, Maier & Seligman, 1995). By promoting risk responsibility and encouraging people to determine and take chances, service providers help combat learned helplessness and foster self-esteem, self-respect, confidence, hope, and recovery.


Medical Alert Bracelets Saves Lifes

Medical Supplies for Homes

Medical Alert Bracelets

Medical ID’s are extremely useful when a medical crises happens.

If you or your family suffer from chronic conditions, then a medical alert could save you life. I have used these in the past when my son (who has a chronic illness) travels away from home. The give me comfort that he will get help if needed and his medical detail are there on the spot for any emergency situation.

The justification for wearing a Medical Alert Bracelet ID is the following ailments, illness and conditions:

  • Reactions to food, to medications or to insects.
  • Pulmonary disorders (Asthma / COPD) kidney dysfunction (angina, arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, pacemakers).
  • Blood diseases, diabetes.
  • Impairment of Alzheimer’s / Memory loss
  • Medical diseases such as diabetes,
  • Heart attack,
  • Cardiovascular disease and
  • Seizures, etc.

Medical ID bracelets are intended to provide EMT details about the specific medical and allergie diagnosis or medicine which you are taking in case of emergencies at the moment that they are on an emergencies. Specifically, make sure you have any symptoms which may render the family unable to speak with the emergency services (e.g. epilepsy disorder) and/or could be lethal.

Four pieces of information are typically included in a medical ID alert ring. The information is identified or impaired, allergies (if applicable), identity of the patient and contact with an ambulance. Such items are also not required, such as the address of the patient (unless they have dementia) and social security numbers.

What kind of medical ID are EMTs and paramedics most popular?

If it is recommended that a personal ID should be used for medical emergencies, there are many options to choose from. Many emergency staff are qualified to read personal ID’s such as a necklace or bracelet.

medical alert bracelet

Which is the perfect identification badge for you?

The Key2Life sport watch is one that I have identified as the most detailed medical identity item with its total capacity as 3,75 GB of data. This is probably one of the most comfortable bracelets available.

A medical alert ID such as the Keytolife is usually tailor made for you and is linked to an emergency alarm.

It can also be a medical warning system if you see any necklace, bracelet, or pendant with the medical mark.

If you have a disease and in case you have a medical emergency or, you are required to wear a Med ID in of an emergency, then your doctor can be notified.


Monthly costs vary from $29.95 and $89.85.

The monthly costs of Alert1 vary from one business to the next based on our monthly rates.

Medical alert systems are wearable devices that call for help at the press of a button. They provide the user with a safety net, particularly when they live alone, allowing them to age in place longer. The mobile medical alert system can save your life.

Many medical alert bracelets and necklaces have a white red cross symbol.

This is the logo of the International Committee of the Red Cross and is the symbol adopted at the 1864 Geneva Convention, which was used most of the time in order to protect medical vehicles and buildings against any military attack in a conflict.

The Greek God of Medicine Asclepius wore a single rod, which from the fifth century BC became a medical symbol. A further serpent, known as the caduceus, was taken by the gods messenger Hermes (the Roman god Mercury).

The MedicAlert Foundation

The MedicAlert Foundation is another organisation based in Turlock, California, that has no non-profit status since 1956. In the case of an emergencies, it maintains a database containing the personal records of its members.

Leaders supply the company with vital medical evidence and get a distinctive metal cuff or collar tag that is still worn. First responders such as emergency care personnel or law enforcement agents may use it to provide access to the history of the carriers and of specific medical needs.

The name MedicAlert can either be interpreted as two distinct words “medical alert” or as a mixed form of “medical alert.”

MedicAlert IDs also aim to emulate standard jewellers (e.g. braceles, necklaces, Identification cards, etc.) by incorporating the distinctive MedicAlert gravure symbol.

Customized jewellery includes, on the opposite side and vital medical information and a customised identification number for pharmaceutical items, the words “Hospital Alert” and Asclepius, the common sign for the medical practitioner.

Medical personnel can call the MedicAlert Emergency Hotline 24-hour and have an ID number on the back of the ID to obtain more information on the membership.

Medical conditions of the user are reviewed and prioritised by professionally qualified specialist or general practioner in order to diagnose the patient by an emergency health care provider. In order to transfer the prioritised illness or condition into the members symbol and the wallet key, MedicAlert provides more specific information ready to be communicated during an emergency.

The two main MedicAlert IDs are bracelets and necklaces while the IDs change depending on country and availability, the first of which is the most popular. MedicAlert has partnered with Citizen View Co. to provide the Citizen Watch Co with a variety of watches. Custom-made engraving and MedicAlert logo Eco-Drive watch.

In the 1980s, health firms including The Epilepsy Foundation and The American Diabetes Association were founded and eventually formed alliances with MedicAlert.

Medical problems and information, include but not limited to allergies (food, chemicals, insects), and illnesses such as alzheimer, asthma, autism, diabetes epilepsy disorder, hemophilia, cardiac failure could be stored in mobile devices such as bracelets and necklaces.

Furthermore, MedicAlert Associations allow organ donation guidelines to be submitted on the IDs.

Additional instructions about the course of action for caregivers or emergency services where the patient is not able to obtain informed consent due to a disability of illness can also be stored on medical alert jewellery.

MedicAlert must normally be able to comply, in the USA, with the signed advance orders, that are available when contacting MedicAlert to first responders and medical staff. A common instruction like “Do not resuscitate (DNR)” that states that a patient is not to be revived when he / she is suffering from cardiac or respiratory arrest.

medical alert bracelet

Anyone in every age with a chronic disorder, allergy of drugs or even an indication with a normal or emergency medical case such as: medical disease – diabetes, autism, obesity, cardiac attack, etc. Allergies – eg food or medicine such as penicillin, peanuts, etc.

Traveler, Children and Elderly Identification.

When you and your loved ones do not speak because of language differences, misunderstandings, fear or confusion providing immediate access to vital names and contact numbers, MedicAlert ® can “speak” for you.

MedicAlert armband & donor organ passport recognize your personal ailments immediately.

5 Of The Best Medical Alert Smart Watches are;

1. Apple Watch 5 and up

2. Freedom Guardian

3. MobileHelp Smart

4. HeartGuide

5. Galaxy Watch Active2 4G

Specifiations and prices can be obtained from Phone Bot Australia.


Medical ID bracelets are intended to provide EMT details about the specific medical, allergies or medicine which you are taking in case of emergencies at the moment that they have an emergency.




Managed Health Services At Telehealth

Manage Heath Services

Healius, a leading Australian healthcare company, is a synonym for consistency, sustainability and accessibility to health for all Australians. Healius offers world-class services for licenced general physicians, radiologists and other health providers, through its comprehensive network of multi-disciplinary practise clinics, pathology labs and forensic imaging centres, which deliver patient treatment in collaboration with Healius pathologists, nurses and other staff.

The Healius model medical centre promotes transparency and cost effectiveness of health care facilities, while facilitating the integration and continuance of patient care safety.

With more than 1,500 qualified general practitioners (GPs), dentists, primary care professionals and other clinicians who work with both acute and chronic problems in their patients Healius partners.

Healius provides medical professionals with a wide variety of resources and support that enable them to focus on providing their patients with professional treatment.

Services include:

  1. Nurses and Day Surgery Units
  2. Practice management
  3. Property management
  4. Finance and administration
  5. Human Resources management
  6. IT and risk management
  7. Business development and marketing support

In order to manage the centres, Healius employs around 1,800 nurses, practice managers, centre support staff and corporate staff.

Healius has over 70 Medical Centres across Australia which are generally open 365 days a year, 7 am to 10 pm, and offer appointments and walk-in services. The majority of services provided by the independent health care professionals in these centres are Bulk Billed.

Managed Health Services

Healius’s large-scale, multi-disciplinary Medical Centres are equipped with treatment areas, nursing support, pathology, radiology.

When is Telehealth Appropriate? Via Telehealth you can consult your doctor to:

  • Manage chronic diseases, including diabetes. The practice nurses can also assist GPs with chronic disease management via Telehealth
  • Obtain mental health advice and support
  • Receive a repeat prescription for known health conditions or contraception.
  • Your prescription can be sent straight to your preferred pharmacy, which may also offer home delivery of your medication.
  • Obtain a referral to a specialist or COVID-19 testing
  • Conduct an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health assessment
  • Get assistance for a wide range of conditions
  • Access counseling by psychologists and psychiatrists

Many of the centres have an on-site chemist and a range of specialist services including:

  • Dental
  • Physiotherapy
  • Occupational Health
  • Allied Health Services
  • IVF
  • Eye Specialists
  • Skin Clinics

Managed Health Services


Pathology is a medical specialty that focuses on determining the cause and nature of diseases and is integral to the health of all Australians.

In fact, 70% of all medical decisions and 100% of cancer diagnoses rely on a pathology test. Healius’s mission in pathology is to deliver accurate and timely diagnostic services Australia-wide.

Healius’s Pathology division, Specialist Diagnostic Services or SDS, is one of Australia’s leading providers of private medical laboratory and pathology services.

SDS operates over 100 medical laboratories and over 2,200 patient collection centres across metropolitan, regional and remote Australia. Each year, it provides one in every three pathology services in Australia, extending from exclusively servicing some of Australia’s largest and most complex private and public hospitals to small and remote Australian Aboriginal communities.

SDS employs around 280 specialist pathologists and over 7,600 dedicated scientists, laboratory technicians, phlebotomists and team members. SDS offers its medical laboratory and pathology services through a variety of different geographically-based and specialty brands including:

QML Pathology

Founded in the 1920s, QML Pathology is the market leader in Queensland operating over 20 laboratories throughout regional and metropolitan Queensland and more than 500 collection centres across QLD and northern NSW.

Laverty Pathology

Laverty Pathology can trace its origins all the way back to Dr Eva Shipton, one of Australia’s first female pathologists, who opened her clinic in Macquarie St, Sydney in 1928. Today Laverty Pathology is one of Australia’s largest practices with 30 laboratories and more than 700 collection centres servicing metropolitan Sydney, the ACT, and regional NSW.

Dorevitch Pathology

A premier medical laboratory and pathology provider in Victoria, Dorevitch Pathology maintains 33 laboratories and nearly 700 collection centres across the state. In addition, the practice services many of Victoria’s largest public and private hospitals.

Western Diagnostic Pathology

Western Diagnostic Pathology provides specialist expertise to many indigenous communities extending from the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara lands to Arnhem land in Northern Australia and Albany in the south. These practices also service Perth’s largest public and private hospitals as well as practitioners throughout the state.

Genomic Diagnostics

A specialist genomic analysis laboratory with a strong industry presence worldwide, Genomic Diagnostics was the first private laboratory in Australia to offer polymerase chain reaction testing that detected the DNA of viruses, and well as the first to provide next generation sequencing for diagnostic testing. Genomic is currently Australia’s largest non-government diagnostic genetic sequencing facility with the biggest genetically-characterised tissue banks in the country.

Managed Health Services

We also have a number of highly specialised practices dedicated to niche human and veterinary pathology:

  • Abbott Pathology
  • TML Pathology
  • Kossard Dermatopathogists
  • IQ Pathology
  • Gastrolab
  • Vetnostics
  • Vetpath Laboratory Services
  • QML Pathology Vetnostics
  • ASAP Laboratory

Managed Health Services

Health & Co is the brand under which Healius is building a network of established GP practices.

Health & Co is a connected network of engaged health professionals united by the common goal of delivering patient-centred care.

Health & Co partners with independent doctors who want to continue to run their own practices with the benefit of its support. Health & Co helps practice owners to further build their businesses through smarter services and network advantages, including:

  • IT support
  • Marketing team and marketing programs
  • Centralised sourcing ·
  • Finance and administration
  • Property management
  • Human Resources assistance


Prof Kerryn Phelps AM

Owner of Cooper Street Clinic and Bourke Street Clinic

“Joining the Health & Co network has been the right choice for Bourke Street Clinic and Cooper Street Clinic, and for me personally. Partnering with Health & Co has brought compelling advantages for my practices.”

Dr Darren Ng

MBBS (Adelaide), FRACGP, One Care Medical Centre

“Health & Co have been a pleasure to partner with. The transition was smooth and supportive, with no disruptions to the daily operations. They are open and transparent, with excellent lines of communication. I really feel that Health & Co respects the independence of my clinic and is focused on helping us grow to develop the service for the local community.”

Dr Andrew Fahey

MBBS, FRACGP, Graceville Medical Centre

“The Health & Co team took the time to understand my needs as a doctor and found me the best clinic to suit my practice style, life circumstances and professional growth pathway.”

Eilidh Kennedy

Practice Manager, Cremorne

“Having recently transitioned to Health & Co, we’ve already benefitted from additional support in areas including GP recruitment, marketing, finance and IT. As part of the Health & Co network, I’m confident that the practice will continue to grow and thrive.”

Tricia Callegar

Practice Manager

“I was a new Practice Manager who commenced just prior to the acquisition, so the external support I received from Fiona and the Health & Co team was paramount. It was business as usual – no changes to the staff, the same ethos and culture. Behind the scenes, policies, protocols and HR requirements are streamlined which benefits staff, doctors and patients.”

It’s simple

We understand that every practice is different.

That’s why the experienced Health & Co Partnerships

Team are happy to work with you to map out a plan.

Managed Health Services

Mercury Spill Cleanup At Home

What to Do if You Break a Mercury Thermometer

mercury spill

A mercury spill is very serious.


The evolution of the thermometer begins with the Greeks, with Hero of Alexandria recognising that certain substances expand and contract dependant on temperature. At that time, it was simply a water/air interface that was more of a scientific curiosity than a piece of practical equipment. It took another 1600 years for the first device that we might recognise to be invented, however this type of thermometer designed by Giuseppe Biancani in 1617, was actually called a thermoscope.

Fast-forward another century and Dutch inventor and scientist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit introduces the world to the first reliable thermometer. This was the first type of thermometer to use mercury instead of water/alcohol mixtures, and it was this design that would remain in use until after the Second World War. Today, that iconic mercury-based design has all but been replaced by other types of thermometer, however, while digital now rules, in Australia, they are more prevalent than in most other western countries.

Fahrenheit Scale: Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

What can be considered the first modern thermometer, the mercury thermometer with a standardized scale, was invented by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1714.

The Fahrenheit scale divided the freezing and boiling points of water into 180 degrees. 32°F was the freezing point of water and 212°F was the boiling point of water. 0°F was based on the temperature of an equal mixture of water, ice, and salt. Fahrenheit based his temperature scale on the temperature of the human body. Originally, the human body temperature was 100° F on the Fahrenheit scale, but it has since been adjusted to 98.6°F.

Centigrade Scale: Anders Celsius

The Celsius temperature scale is also referred to as the “centigrade” scale. Centigrade means “consisting of or divided into 100 degrees.” In 1742, the Celsius scale was invented by Swedish Astronomer Anders Celsius. The Celsius scale has 100 degrees between the freezing point (0°C) and boiling point (100°C) of pure water at sea level air pressure. The term “Celsius” was adopted in 1948 by an international conference on weights and measures.

Kelvin Scale: Lord Kelvin

Lord Kelvin took the whole process one step further with his invention of the Kelvin Scale in 1848. The Kelvin Scale measures the ultimate extremes of hot and cold. Kelvin developed the idea of absolute temperature, what is called the “Second Law of Thermodynamics”, and developed the dynamical theory of heat.

In the 19th century, scientists were researching what was the lowest temperature possible. The Kelvin scale uses the same units as the Celcius scale, but it starts at Absolute Zero, the temperature at which everything including air freezes solid. Absolute zero is 0 K, which is equal to 273°C degrees Celsius.

When a thermometer was used to measure the temperature of a liquid or of air, the thermometer was kept in the liquid or air while a temperature reading was being taken. Obviously, when you take the temperature of the human body you can’t do the same thing. The mercury thermometer was adapted so it could be taken out of the body to read the temperature.
The clinical or medical thermometer was modified with a sharp bend in its tube that was narrower than the rest of the tube. This narrow bend kept the temperature reading in place after you removed the thermometer from the patient by creating a break in the mercury column. That is why you shake a mercury medical thermometer before and after you use it, to reconnect the mercury and get the thermometer to return to room temperature.

Australia still allows the sale and use of mercury thermometers, while most of Europe and USA has outlawed their use in medical facilities due to the high toxicity of the substance itself. Today, in many cases, alternative types of thermometer are used either alongside mercury-based devices or as replacements. Here, we take a look at the different types of thermometer used today and what to do if your toxic mercury thermometer breaks.

Types of Thermometer Available Today

Mercury spill

Digital Thermometers – Digital thermometers are among the fastest and most accurate. Readings can be taken from under the tongue, the rectum, or the armpit in the same way as a traditional thermometer.

Ear Thermometers – Otherwise known as tympanic thermometers, this type of thermometer uses infrared light to make temperature reading.

Non-contact Thermometers – Non-contact thermometers also work with infrared to provide readings without contacting the body. They are probably the least accurate but can be useful for children.

Glass Thermometers – Traditional glass thermometers are still available, using either mercury or another substance such as alcohol to provide a reading.

Using a Mercury Thermometer? Here’s What to do if it Breaks

The first thing to remember if you break a mercury thermometer is that the silvery substance (mercury spill) contained within those glass tubes has the potential to be highly toxic. Of course, identifying whether it is really mercury in your thermometer is an important step, however, it is always better to be safe than sorry.

To help you identify whether the type of thermometer you are using is, in fact, mercury-based, ask yourself:

  • Is the liquid silver?

If it is not, then it is most likely to be an alcohol-based thermometer. If it is, then it may be either a mercury or a non-mercury thermometer.

  • Does the thermometer contain any warnings?

Sometimes, the paper calibration strip inside the thermometer will tell you which substance has been used. If there is no writing or warning, assume that it is mercury.

Cleaning up Mercury Spills

Mercury Spill

If your mercury thermometer breaks, then you can also identify whether the substance contained is mercury by observing its behaviour. Mercury is a liquid metal that has properties quite unique from other substances. Smaller droplets will pool together into a large sphere shape, which will break again into smaller droplets when pressure is applied. However, never touch mercury and take care not to scatter smaller droplets into hard-to-reach areas.

When cleaning up after a mercury spill, you should be careful to NEVER do the following:

• NEVER use a vacuum cleaner. This will disperse the mercury into the air

• NEVER use a broom. This will break the mercury into smaller droplets and disperse them.

• NEVER pour mercury down the drain. This can either damage plumbing, septic tanks, or sewage treatment plants while polluting at the same time.

• NEVER walk around with mercury on your shoes of clothing.

Additionally, you should prep the area where the mercury has been spilled by doing the following:

• Ask people to leave the area ensuring no one walks through the mercury as they do so. Remove any pets from the area. Open all windows and doors to the outside and close doors to other parts of the building.

• For absorbent surfaces, the contaminated items must be disposed of according to the guidelines below

• For non-absorbent surfaces, clean-up is easier

• Do not allow children or elderly people to help you clean up

Instructions on How to Clean up Mercury Spills

Mercury Spill
  1. Put on latex, rubber, or nitrile gloves.
  2. Cover the affected areas with powdered sulphur, this will make the mercury easier to see and suppress any vapours.
  3. Pick up any broken glass or other debris, fold within a paper towel and place in a labelled, Ziplock bag.
  4. Use a piece of cardboard or plastic to gather mercury beads. Use slow sweeping motions. Darken the room and hold a torch at the low angle to check for any other mercury. Inspect the entire room.
  5. Use an eyedropper to draw up the mercury. Dispense onto a damp paper towel. Place the paper towel in a labelled, Ziplock bag.
  6. Place all items, including gloves, into a trash bag. Label the bag as hazardous and containing mercury.
  7. Go to the Australian Government Department of the Environment for details on how to properly dispose of mercury.

If you wish to read more about safety around the home click HERE to read about Safety In The Kitchen.

Food Health Safety

Food Health Safety

Safe Food Handling Practices In The Kitchen.

There are many reasons families may mishandle foods.

Food Health SafetySome of the more common barriers to safe food handling are described below.

“When I make dinner, I have my routine. I really don’t have to think about it too much.”

Food preparation, for many, is a repeated or habitual behavior. The more often a task like preparing food is repeated, the more “automatic” it becomes—that is, less cognitive effort is needed.

Intervening to break this chain of events by introducing a new procedure (e.g., using soap to wash hands instead of just rinsing them, using a thermometer to judge doneness instead of just assessing color) is challenging.

Responsibility Deflection

“It’s not my responsibility.”

Some families feel food safety is the responsibility of others higher in the food safety chain who control food safety risks prior to food being offered for sale As a result, they deem food safety as not important in the home environment and may not accept their role in preventing foodborne illness in the home. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health

food health safety

Risky Preferences for Food Health Safety

“I enjoy eggs with a runny center.” “I prefer the taste of rare meat.”

These families are concerned the new behavior will  change the taste of foods and diminish their pleasure. This is important to consider given that taste is the number one driver of food choices.

food health safety

Cost: Benefit Miscalculations

“That takes too much time!” “It’s inconvenient.”

Some feel the time, effort, and resources needed to make the change are not reasonable or convenient. Foodborne illness often is mild and of short duration, thus many families may not be aware of its sometimes devastating and deadly outcomes when they (mis)calculate the value of safe food handling procedures.

Social Fears

“What would my family think if I checked their burgers with a thermometer?”

Individuals with the primary responsibility for preparing foods in their household indicate that they take great pride in their cooking. In addition, they highly rate the quality of the work done by those who prepare foods in their homes to ensure the safety of their food. Some household food preparers feel that new behaviors, like using thermometers to check cooking temperatures, would diminish the opinions others have of their skills as a cook.

Faulty Outcome Expectations

“I’ve always done it this way and haven’t gotten sick.”

These families o not perceive that the current way of behaving is problematic (or making them susceptible) to foodborne illness. They may fail to understand how emerging pathogens and changes in the food supply make what was once a safe behavior (e.g., eating raw eggs or rare burgers) a risky behavior. Compounding this problem is that few believe that home prepared foods are a likely cause of foodborne illness.

food health Safety

Optimistic Bias

“It won’t happen to me.

Nearly 6 out of 10 families believe their chances of getting foodborne illness are low. Some families believe that they have a small chance of getting a foodborne illness compared to others. This optimistic bias is positively linked with risky behaviors and neglects to take precautionary measures, which is related to increased incidence of accidents and foodborne illness.

Most (90%) report their personal risk of illness from eating food they prepared is low. But, when asked about the risk of others in their social group, only 41% thought these individuals had a low risk of illness from eating food they prepared. Rating one’s own risk as lower than others in one’s social group—those with whom an individual compares him or herself—is an indicator of low motivation to change precautionary behaviors.

Illusions of Control

“We take the necessary precautions in my home.”

Two-thirds believe they exert high levels of control over safe food handling when they prepare food. When asked what grade a food safety expert would give them for food preparation, service, and storage in their home, all but 2% gave themselves passing grades. When the family used a retail food establishment food safety evaluation checklist adapted for homes, scores were considerably lower. Scores were even lower when trained auditors evaluated home kitchens—the average grade was failing.

Making these results more disheartening is that participants in these home visit studies were aware that researchers would be coming to their home to observe and evaluate their kitchen practices.

How Can Health Professionals Help The Family Handle Food More Safely?

Health behavior change theories, such as the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior, and Social Cognitive Theory, provide valuable roadmaps for identifying key constructs to address when aiming to effect behavior change.

Although thousands of studies demonstrate the usefulness of these theories in designing effective interventions for a wide array of health behaviors, including food safety, few food safety interventions have been theory based. Food safety education programs built on the constructs below have the potential to help families gain the  knowledge, skills, motivation, and confidence needed to handle foods more safely.

Boost Knowledge

For behaviors associated with Clean, Separate, Chill, and Cook, many families are aware of the food safety basics. Families also understand that “germs” can hurt them. However, many still have food safety knowledge gaps and their knowledge of safe food handling practices does not always correspond with reported use. This suggests a need to build consumer knowledge, activate existing knowledge, and motivate information application.

Highlight Responsibility

Their own responsibility than that of others in the food safety chain or believe their risk of foodborne illness is controlled by fate or luck. Some feel they have little responsibility because they believe most foodborne illnesses are caused earlier in the food safety chain or by retail food establishments. Helping families understand the magnitude of control they have in their own homes as food safety risk managers and finding motivators—such as helping them understand that by using a thermometer, loved ones are less likely become sick from undercooked meat or showing them how easy thermometers are to use—can help promote behavior change.

Heighten Recognition of Susceptibility and Severity of Outcomes

Engaging in health protective behaviors is associated with greater perceived susceptibility or beliefs in the likelihood of a negative health outcome and its severity. For example, those who Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10 4071 believe food poisoning is a personal threat eat fewer risky foods.  food health safetyPersonalizing risks can help get better understand their own foodborne illness susceptibility. Thus, interventions should help families learn who is at increased risk for foodborne illness as better knowledge of these groups predicts better compliance with safe food handling recommendations.

Emphasize Behavioral Control

Perceived behavioral control is a significant predictor of safe food handling intentions.

However, it is difficult to motivate families to change when they feel confident that they are already controlling foodborne illness risks in their kitchens. Tools that help families pinpoint problems in their own kitchen, such as home kitchen food safety self-assessments, could personalize the message and increase their awareness of problem spots. These tools also can clarify how current behaviors could be endangering their health and how simple changes can lower the danger level. Another tool is “recipe Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)”—that is, teaching families to identify steps in a recipe that may increase food safety hazards and think ahead about how to resolve them.

Build Confidence

If families are worried about possible embarrassment of performing new behaviors, like using a cooking thermometer, improving attitudes toward the behavior and changing beliefs about how others in their social network perceive the behavior can build the confidence needed to motivate families to make changes. Social networks may influence a broad array of health-risk behaviors, especially among adolescents. Although few studies examining the role of social influences

on food safety behaviors could be located, studies of other health behaviors strongly suggest that utilizing social networks in food safety interventions could increase their effectiveness. In addition, working to shift social norms, such as by modeling thermometer use or other food safety behaviors on television programs can help build confidence (an example of a video clip that shifted social norms that may be familiar to readers is the “double” dipping” clip from a Seinfeld episode.

food health safety

Offer Cues to Action

Researchers have reported that families take food safety precautions only when they perceive a risk, such as when they handle raw poultry, fear they may give others food poisoning, or when others are watching. At other times, families may be acting out of habit and make food handling mistakes because they lack “cues to action”. Fein and colleagues use the analogy of driving a car—drivers are constantly taking protective actions in response to cues, such as the yellow stripe in the middle of the road or a stop sign. But, when making dinner, hazards are not visible (e.g., pathogens on the unwashed produce that are contaminating the counter and our hands) and there are few, if any, cues to remind us to practice safe food handling (e.g., use soap to wash hands or keep washed and unwashed produce separated).

Risk messages or handling instructions on food packages help cue some to change their behavior. In one study, the control group received a chicken salad recipe and the experimental group received the same recipe with a printed message encouraging them to take great care to avoid cross contaminating the salad by preventing raw meat juices from coming in contact with other ingredients and utensils. Salads made by the group receiving the cue had significantly less bacteria than those made by the control group, putting the experimental group at a four-fold lower relative risk of falling ill than the control group. Another study that involved preparing a chicken salad recipe found that only 57% of important hygiene measures (i.e., washing hands with soap and water, checking doneness with a thermometer) were used by participants.

Food Health Safety

food health safety

Adding food safety cues to food packages may be particularly effective given that nearly half of families indicate they commonly read cooking instructions on food packages. Placing soap dispensers in direct line of sight also helps improve hand washing. Adding endpoint cooking temperatures in educational materials and cookbooks are other cues to action. Printing washing instructions on reusable grocery bags could cue families to wash them.

These are some thing that can help improve food safety on the home.

Build Raised Garden Bed For Aromatherapy

Why build raised garden bed based on the demonstrated aromatherapy benefits?

build raised garden bed

The purpose of a healing garden is a function of individual plants. To ease pain, calm the nerves or lower blood pressure are some examples. Consideration to the patient  and individual plants’ characteristics is the essential component to this garden.

Aromatic plants bear characteristics that are in a special class of there own. Gardeners can frequently and skillfully handle the beauty of colors and design, but the creation of a healing garden has an added layer of planning when it comes to the application of fragrant plants. This is the contrast between healing plants and common plants.  To understand the differences, its important to touch on the characteristics of aromatic plants.

Characteristics of the Healing Garden

Healing garden includes the essentials and characteristics of common garden. It places particular emphasis on the creation of the environment for recuperation and healing in accordance with different groups of users, and highlights the functionality of facilitating healing.

Furthermore, it guarantees that owners can utilize the garden space conveniently and comfortably, and plays the role of facilitating the healing. Healing gardens mainly involve four aspects, which are the orientation towards the disadvantaged groups, the objective of healing, the landscape as the material and interaction as the medium.

Healing gardens, which is oriented towards the physiologically or mentally disadvantaged (disabled) groups, such as the elderly, the sick, the disabled and the injured, etc., relies on such plant landscapes as arbor, shrub and flower (grass) to organize patients’ multi-dimensional landscape experience and social activities.

Hence, it implements comprehensive landscape venues which alleviate pain, recover (physiological) functions, build up confidence and delight the mood .

The Function of Aromatic Plants.

Adjust mood and alleviate pain

The effect of aromatic plants’ volatile matter in adjusting mood has been proved by many scholars. By virtue of olfactory pathway, aromatic matter acts on the central nervous system, adjusts and balances the vegetative nervous system, so as to generate the effect of stabilizing, relaxing, delighting or agitating.

Lower blood pressure and improve immune function

build raised garden bedIt has been proved by experiments that aromatic plants’ volatile matter plays a certain role in lowering blood pressure and improving immune function. It is pointed out by research that specific combination of aromatic plants manifests significant effect in lowering blood pressure and facilitating health care.

Beautify and aromatize the environment.

Aromatic plants’ flower, fruit, branch and leaf are of very high ornamental value. Meanwhile, the diversified colors, shapes, charms, fragrance and texture can all bring all-round enjoyment of beauty. Fragrant flowered plants can also attract butterflies and bees, which can collect pollen. The fruits of some aromatic plants can attract a number of birds, through which an ideal landscape effect with birds’ twitter and fragrance of flowers can be realized.

Purify air and drive away mosquitoes and flies .

The fragrance of an aromatic plants, plays a role of sterilizing, disinfecting and resisting oxidation, can sterilize the air, which further realizes the effect of purifying air. Through their blades, aromatic plants can absorb toxic substances in the air, so that some toxic substances can decompose within the body or degrade and convert into non-toxic substances on their own. The special aroma secreted by certain aromatic plants, which can drive away mosquitoes, flies and insects, become an efficient and generally popularized natural mosquito repellent that’s non-toxic and non-pollutant, and leaves no residue.

Classification of Aromatic Plants (Build Raised Garden Bed)

Aromatic plants can be basically divided into seven categories.

1) Fragrant Grass

Generally speaking, fragrant grass refers to aromatic herbal plants that deliver fragrance through the whole grass or the ground.

Lavender, mint, verbena, purple perilla, sage, parsley, spearmint and cymbopogon, etc. Fragrant flower

2) Fragrant flower refers to a type of aromatic plants whose flowers deliver fragrance.

Eg: sweet-scented osmanthus, wintersweet, narcissus, banana shrub, freesia, edgeworthia chrysantha, rose chinensis, fragrant plantain lily, Chinese wisteria, gardenia, orchid, jasmine, magnolia flower and sophora flower, etc.

2) Fragrant Leaf

Fragrant leaf refers to a type of plants whose leaves deliver intense fragrance. Eg: Camphor tree, acorus calamus and cajeput, etc.

3) Fragrant Root

Fragrant root refers to woody or herbal plants that deliver fragrance. Eg: Juniper, asarum sieboldin and vetiver grass, tc.

4) Fragrant Wood

Fragrant wood refers to aromatic plants whose trunks and timber can deliver fragrance. Eg: Phoebe, bournei, cinnamon camphora, aquilaria, agallocha, etc.

5) Fragrant Fruit

Fragrant fruit refers to aromatic woody or herbal plants whose fruits deliver fragrance. Eg Citrus, vanilla planifolia, mango, grapefruit, lemon and kumquat, etc.

6) Fragrant Tree

Fragrant tree mostly refers to aromatic woody plants, which deliver fragrance through two or above organs. Eg Camphor tree, cinnamon, algum, etc.

build raised garden bed
Build Raised Garden Bed

Creation of Visual Environment with Aromatic Plants

As a type of landscape plant, which uniquely bears the aromatic and ornamental property, it can aromatize and beautify the environment. Due to their ornamental characteristic, aromatic plants have been considered as an industrial crop that’s extensively utilized in garden appreciation and courtyard afforestation in European landscapes.

Because of its ornamental characteristics, aromatic plants have been considered an agricultural crop that has been used widely for garden cultivation and forestation in European and American countries, as well as in Korea and Japan for a long time.

Creation of Auditory Environment with Aromatic Plants

Aromatic plants produce a special tone of their own in nature. Tourists can hear the rattle of raindrops drummed rhythmically against the banana leaves, the rustle in the air produced by the shared motion of leaves, and the sound of birds sitting on the trees while having a rest and indulging in the environment. Both of these will help people get the normal breath and aesthetic pleasure.

Creation of Tactile Environment with Aromatic Plants

Build raised garden bed
Build raised garden bed

Aromatic plants will initiate purification from the environment and exert a subtle effect simultaneously on improving the immunity of recovering patients. The fragrance of sweet-scented osmanthus, for example, plays a role in cough relief, antisepsis and anti-inflammation, and in relieving the respiratory tract of patients with bronchitis.

After ballonets of the lungs absorb them, they will be converted to blood, which will circulate through the bloodstream, and distributed through the circulatory system across the body. Meanwhile, the components can serve as, for example, bronchus, a normal defensive shield of the respiratory system’s mucosa, to keep it from penetrating bacterial infection.

The next step is design the actual garden bed. To build raised garden bed I have attached a step by step instruction. There are many resources available on line. I will be adding more to this article as I find them.


Build Raised Garden Bed for Healing Summary 

Plants are closely related to the life of organisms. Aromatic plants have been an important constituent part of urban settlement with the social growth. Additionally, plant landscape formation is the key point and centre of healing garden architecture. Aromatic plants demonstrate the trait in various ways of enjoyment and odour. In terms of aromatic roles

In light of the functions of aromatic plants, the landscape and characteristics, suitable aromatic plants are selected for different groups of people in hospitals, schools and nursing homes, so as to further exert certain influence on people and facilitate the maintenance of health condition. As a whole, aromatic plants will definitely play a significant role in the construction of healing garden.

In reference to the covid virus and if you do use a face mask and are wearing it for preventative measures, I would suggest you add five drops of blue mallee eucalyptus, four drops of tea tree and one drop of lemon to the mask before wearing it.

Alternatively, you could make up a spray by diluting the essential oils in some ethanol and spraying this directly onto the mask before wearing it. If you are making up a blend for a diffuser, based on the recent research into vaporizing essential oils.

I would recommend the following blend:

  • 5 drops of blue mallee eucalyptus
  • 4 drops tea tree
  • 1 drop of cinnamon bark

Safe Medical Home Phone Service For Psychotherapy.

Home Phone Service

What are the differences between home phone service and face-to-face psychological therapy?

Many of us have been self isolated due to the 2020 Pandemic. This has impact the use of medical practitioners changing the way they operated. They have turned to online consultations rather than face to face contact and possible infection. Its important to know whether the standard is monitored and are there implications for the patient when seeking out psychological therapies. If you are uncomfortable with the change please discuss it with your practitioner so that as soon as social isolating rules are lifted you can return to face to face contact.

Based on the findings of this study, there is no empirical evidence to support assumptions that home phone service, specifically its lack of visual and physical co-presence, is counterproductive to alliance creation.

The clear result is that partnership is similarly valued across types by clinicians, patients, or third-party raters. Similarly, the analysis found no evidence that empathy, attentiveness, or engagement suffered from home phone service or contact.

Patient-rated analyses of different factors in the development of a therapeutic partnership show that while eye contact is considered one of the most important individual factors, non-verbal movements and body language as a whole are considered substantially less important than therapist confirmation of patient experience (Bedi, 2006; Bedi and Duff, 2014).

Standards for Home Phone Service

home phone service
Home Phone Service

Validation requires therapeutic acts such as normalising the patient’s experience, presenting it as rational or understandable, recognising and expressing backward emotions, paraphrasing, agreeing, and making positive remarks; importantly, none of these depend on visual co-presence.

Other studies suggest that the ‘mission’ aspect of the marital relationship can be magnified in telephone therapy and can compensate for any decrease in (traditionally conceptualized) ‘bond.’ In addition, Lingley-Pottie and McGrath (2007) propose to develop a framework on the telephone with visual anonymity as an alternative, special and beneficial aspect of therapeutic partnership.

We only found evidence of a mode-related variation in the length of sessions, with telephone sessions reliably and substantially shorter than those held face-to-face. “If clients make an effort to see the counsellor in person, both the client and the counsellor and stick to the traditional, hour-long counselling session. However, since the home phone services have never been correlated with standard length of time, counsellor and client the end the session at what they feel is their normal ending “(Stephenson et al., 2003, p.31).

Nevertheless, it remains an untested issue whether this frequently observed shorter period is a beneficial or efficient consequence of more concise telephone contact and timekeeping, or rather results from some kind of interactional difficulty that leads to foreshortened encounters.

Impact On The Consultant in Home Phone Service

home phone service
Home Phone Service

According to the current evidence base, the telephone mode does not apparently make a difference to anything except the duration of patient contacts. However, effecting a change in practice requires more than simply informing practitioners of this evidence base. Indeed, in our consultation with the Lived Experience Advisory Panel, it was highlighted that perceptions can be extremely influential and persist even in the absence of evidence. We know that more nuanced forms of intervention are required to effect change in practitioner attitudes and behaviours, and that barriers to change lie not only at the individual or interpersonal level, but also at the systems level (Bee et al., 2016).

As emphasised in consultation with the EQUITy Lived Experience panel, patient choice and preference must remain at the heart of service provision.

Studies Covered

Home Phone service
Home Phone Service

Finally, we note that the 15 included studies used a range of different therapeutic modalities (e.g. CBT, counselling, Solution-Focused Therapy) and varied in the of type and severity of mental health problem. It is possible that the effect of the telephone is different in each of these therapy contexts, depending on, for example, the extent to which treatment follows a guided self-help vs. interpersonal model, and the nature of mental health symptomatology being addressed. Amongst the existing body of comparative literature identified here, we note the predominance of depression and broadly specified (subthreshold) psychological difficulties.  Lastly, effects may be influenced by therapist allegiance with modality, therapist expertise and patient preference. These factors will all be important to explore in future research.


This review was based on only a small number of heterogeneous studies, a number of which used non-randomised, opportunity samples and did not use validated measures to assess the constructs under investigation. Some studies developed their own ratings scales, and there was inconsistency in the conceptualisation of some of the constructs of interest. Moreover, a range of different therapeutic modalities were used across the included studies, and samples included both clinically diagnosed and non-clinical populations.

Due to our specific focus on situated comparative studies, we excluded several non-comparative qualitative and interactional studies that make an important contribution to this area of understanding. Hence, whilst the present paper offers a unique analysis of directly compared interactional features, we recognize that this approach provides only one part of the knowledge that is required in order to address resistance and barriers to uptake of telephone psychological therapy. We also acknowledge that this paper has not addressed online modes of therapy, which are growing exponentially alongside the continued use of the telephone. Yet, the telephone is frequently used as an adjunct to support online therapies and so arguably has significance to the spectrum of distance therapeutic modes.


At a time when demand for mental health services is high, we need more efficient service models and systems that overcome the barriers posed by patient illness and competing responsibilities. The home phone service is a convenient, reliable and virtually universal communication channel. Yet despite evidence of comparable clinical outcomes, adoption amongst services is challenged by practitioner ambivalence, embedded views and systems that favour face-to-face (Bee et al., 2016).

Reviews identified only a small and heterogeneous group of studies on interactional difference in telephone and face-to-face therapies, limiting the strength of any conclusions that can be drawn at this stage. However, the available evidence does suggest a lack of support for arguments that the telephone has a detrimental effect on interactional aspects of psychological therapy.

All content found on our website, including images, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. 

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment At Home

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment

Diabetic foot ulcers (treatment) (DFU) are a significant cause of diabetes-associated hospitalisation. This can also be the most difficult to treat without proper treatment.

Accessing specialist services for individuals with DFU is discriminatory in Queensland and also in other parts of Australia. Telemedicine appears to offer better access to diabetic-foot consultation. To date, however, diabetic foot telemedicine models have relied on videoconferencing, shop and forward technology and/or personalised equipment to achieve digital imagery, both requiring either high-priced infrastructure or prompt response to the request for advice.

Although cellphone advice goes into effective diabetes management, telehealth services have also improved diabetic foot outcomes. The rapid proliferation of mobile phones has increased the need to test the role that various forms of telemedicine play within DFU power.Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment

Health organisations in a variety of fields, such as psychotherapy, counselling, and general practise, are helpful in offering opportunities to please those with specific or specific health problems, studying with colleagues, increasing self-awareness, supplying and receiving remarks, and understanding that others are comparably challenging conditions that may lead to greater satisfaction for themselves. In the field of psychotherapy, institutional remedy offers essential therapeutic factors like universality, social cohesiveness, and interpersonal expertise, all of which offer high-quality results.

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment though, participants have some barriers to attending company. Motives for non-participation consist of mobility-decreasing physical health conditions, time restrictions, distance, inadequate price range, lack of support for the other person and transport. Organizations use scarce assets effectively from an organisational mindset. Diabetes education, for example, often uses institutional settings to lessen the burden on fitness workers services despite the increasing number of people with diabetes. Home-based videoconferencing can be one way of reducing established boundaries and improving transparency of institution-based interventions.

Internet-based agencies, typically referred to as online companies, are used for wellness and peer-led health training and social assistance and alternative interventions. Digital support firms can be asynchronous or synchronous, providing more than a few therapeutic benefits that can be much like face-to-face aid firms, and online training and behavioural communication programmes indicated changes in health outcomes. Nonetheless, a scientific assessment of the efficacy of online health behaviour exchange measures concluded that while maximum study record changes, impact sizes varied widely and were typically low in magnitude.Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment mostly that used online businesses models also used text-based chat forums; few used videoconferencing. Given the fact that videoconferencing has been used in a variety of medical disciplines, videoconferencing is still not widely controlled and understanding of the use of videoconferencing in character patient consultation studies. Work using community videoconferencing has employed various configurations and technologies consisting of all participants positioned on either one website or multiple participating websites (often a health facility) and facilitators or facilitators located on some other website. Certain strategies for conducting videoconferencing initiatives include combining face-to-face meetings and arranging videoconferences, enabling participants to hear each other but not see each other, and using interactive environments for companies.

There were questions about the efficacy of videoconferencing groups, which may also have dissuaded this period of study in 2017. A primary result for health care company use is the social support that members will promote. Many have suggested that social contact might be lacking in net-based programs, and the simplicity of acceleration has the potential to minimise participation within videoconferencing firms. Compared to individual involvement, videoconferencing organisations can also experience digital disconnection, disconnection, and privacy concerns

Few studies have used videoconferencing to provide predominantly group-based education.

An examination containing work concluded that carrying out community Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment remedy with the help of videoconferencing is as viable and effective as an in-character institution, and that technology has improved access to offerings but has no longer forgotten the institutional therapy exchange mechanisms.

Diabetic foot ulcer treatmentNo prior views, however, recognised factors influencing execution and results of organisational training by videoconferencing. The aim of this study was to follow a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the viability, acceptability, efficacy, and implementation of fitness professional-led organisation videoconferencing to provide education and/or social assistance to the household.

Group videoconferencing at home is feasible, but proper IT assistance is required. The benefits of being able to engage in a domestic environment routinely outweigh IT frustration. Now, mHealth measures are limited. Nevertheless, it is not impossible to expect booming due to the ubiquity of mHealth apps. Furthermore, the rapid development of generation indicates that technical difficulties will decrease and additional interventions that reveal few technical difficulties.

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment Group videoconferencing has become common in different age-related and content-related categories. Advertising in people’s homes is not not a concern; it can also help target strategies become more context-specific. However, research is needed to define which subgroups may benefit most from this form of intervention and to understand how to control group videoconferencing communication.

Team videoconferencing is successful in addressing many barriers to face-to-face organisations. Evidence indicates that corporate processes can be repeated online. The efficacy of approaches differed, following a trend for members with mental fitness problems to create. Further work is required to define the communities and learning material most likely to benefit from community videoconferencing.

NHMRC conduct research such as this from time to time to assist with medical innovation and has a statutory responsibility under the NHMRC Act 1992 (the Act) to raise the standard of individual and public health throughout Australia, and foster the development of consistent health standards between the various states and territories.

Noting these responsibilities are outlined in Section 7(1)(a) of the Act. NHMRC inquires into, issues guidelines on, and advises the community on, matters relating to:

  1. the improvement of health
  2. the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease
  3. the provision of health care
  4. public health research and medical research
  5. ethical issues relating to health

There is significant interest from individuals and groups within the Australian community on how NHMRC carries out its legislated functions. NHMRC understands the importance of engaging with consumers and the community to the successful performance of our functions. The following are some examples of NHMRC’s engagement with consumers and the community.

Need A Doctor Quick?

Instant Doctor

Instant Consult provides you with the ability to have a health consultation with an Australian registered, fully qualified and experienced Doctor via video call, anywhere in Australia. We provide a platform for affordable and effective health Consultations, supplementing the traditional health care system. The ultimate benefit of Instant Consult is the convenience to patients. No need to book an appointment – simply “Request a Consult” and the first available Doctor will connect with you instantly.

When clinically appropriate, our doctors can issue you with a bulk-billed* COVID-19 swab test referral, which can then be emailed or printed and presented at your local dedicated collection centre. Prior to visiting, you must call ahead to ensure you take the necessary precautions before your arrival; and to ensure the pathology centre is taking COVID-19 swab tests, as not all all collection centres are testing for coronavirus. *you must have a valid Medicare Card*.

The Doctors specialise in 

  • Medical Certificates, 
  • Prescriptions (including Repeats), 
  • Specialist Referrals, 
  • Pathology Requests and 
  • Radiology Requests. 


You can also speak to our Doctors for just about any general medical issue, including cold and flu, sore throat, sexual health, diarrhoea, vomiting and more. Suitable medical consultations can be effectively managed online via video call. Using Instant Consult takes pressure off medical practices as well as after hour hospital visits, letting your local doctors and nurses focus on physical examination and genuine emergency care.

The consults are charged according to the duration of the consult – not what medical documents are issued to you. Just like any consultation if you were to visit a local medical clinic, we cannot guarantee what medical documents the doctor will issue you. You will have to have a consultation where the doctor will ask about your health history, symptoms and any other details required, so they can make an informed decision as to whether or not the consult will result in a medical document being supplied.


A doctor can issue you with a Medical Certificate when clinically appropriate. These Medical Certificates are predominately used for workplace or university personal leave. The certificate will be available in your Instant Consult Inbox immediately following your consultation, which can be saved to your device or forwarded to an email address, which is where you can forward this onto relevant personnel (place of work, school etc.). The Medical Certificate will remain in your Instant Consult Inbox until you choose to delete it.

Doctors do not backdate Medical Certificates and will rarely issue a Medical Certificate covering more than 3 days. The details issued on the Medical Certificate is up to the doctor and what they deem suitable during consultation.

If you require a ‘Fit for Work’ Certificate, Centrelink Certificate, University Form completed, Work Cover or Gym Cancellation Certificate – you will need to present to a GP in-person to undergo a physical examination and will not be able to use the Instant Consult service for these types of medical documents.

Yes, a doctor can issue you with a Specialist Referral, Pathology/Blood Test Request or Radiology/X-Ray Request, when clinically appropriate.

Specialist Referrals enables you to receive a Medicare rebate on your specialist appointment*. Pathology and Radiology Requests entitles you to tests which may be bulk-billed by Medicare*.

*you must have a valid Medicare Card

The Referral will be available in your Instant Consult Inbox immediately following your consultation, which can be saved to your device or forwarded to an email address. You can print the Referral and take it to your preferred Specialist, Pathology or Imaging Centre, or you can email direct to their administrator. The Referral/Request will remain in your Instant Consult Inbox until you choose to delete it.


Results for pathology and imaging are sent directly back to our clinic, where we will notify you when to request a consult to discuss the results with the requesting doctor. If you have not been notified that your results have been received within 3 business days from your test date, please contact our support team.

Alternatively, during your initial consult you can request for your results to be sent to your usual family practice where you can discuss your results with your regular GP.

Instant Consult consultations are not covered by Medicare. We have kept our pricing as low as possible to ensure we offer an affordable solution for our users. We are a private billing service and hence the Coronavirus COVID-19 Telehealth MBS Item currently available through Medicare cannot be claimed through Instant Consult.

Need more information? Talk to a member of our support team by emailing support@instantconsult.com.au or calling 1300 003 310.

The aim is to have a doctor available on demand day and night, 7 days a week, however this is not always practicable. Please note the availability of doctors may vary, and we are constantly keeping track of balancing numbers of consult requests vs. number of doctors available for a consultation. If you are not immediately connected to a doctor, you will join a queue until the next available doctor connects to you.

You can view if doctors are online and the current average wait time on the homepage of Instant Consult once you login. If you request a consult when no doctors are online, you will join a queue and wait to be connected with a doctor when one comes online, or be asked to request a consult at another time.

Instant Consult can be used with your Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox web browser on any type of Windows PC, macOS and Android Tablet when logging in through the URL patient.instantconsult.com.au

Instant Consult iOS App is compatible on iPhones and iPads. You cannot login to Instant Consult through a web browser on an iOS device, so you must download the Instant Consult App if you want to use it on your iPhone or iPad.

Instant Consult Android App is compatible on Android Phones only. You cannot login to Instant Consult through a web browser on an Android Phone, so you must download the Instant Consult App if you want to use it on your Android Phone. If you want to use Instant Consult on your Android Tablet, please login through a Google Chrome web browser on your tablet.

You will need a camera and speakers connected/installed on your device, and access to either a WiFi connection or a mobile data connection.

Do you need to speak to an online doctor today?

No need to book an online doctor appointment, our web doctors can connect with you instantly.

Speak to a Dr online for Medical Certificates, Prescriptions, Referrals, Pathology Requests and Radiology Requests.

You will be connected with the first available online doctor in Australia for your health consultation.

Avoid The Wait With medAdvisor.

Avoid the wait

Avoid the wait at the doctor’s waiting rooms. MedAdvisor has been designed using state-of-art internet and mobile phone technology to provide you with a tool that ensures you use medication safely, effectively and on-time from the convenience of you home.

My Chemist recommended I try this MedAvisor to manage my son and I’s medication regime. My son has special needs and is on a plethora pills put together in a Webster pack every two weeks.  I was constantly running back and forth to doctor’s and the chemist to get scripts filled and up to date. I also have a very short attention span and forget to update the scripts.

This is a great app I use and recommend for managing your health needs from home. It saves a lot of running around and waiting in lines.

With the outbreak of the virus in 2020, it’s even more reliable to get meds sorted and still maintaining social distancing rules.

MedAdvisor has 8 Functionalities.

  1. Automatic Medication List
  2. Fill-My-Scripts & See-My-Doctor
  3. Take-My-Meds
  4. Tap-To-Refill
  5. Medication Information
  6. Carer Mode
  7. Your Virtual Pharmacist
  8. Script History
  9. Favourite Pharmacy
  10. GP Link

MedAdvisor’s home screen provides an automatic list of all your prescription medications, updated whenever you fill scripts. Whenever you fill a script your home screen is updated, typically within one hour.

The home screen provides basic information including the active ingredient and brand name of the medication, total repeats you have remaining, and the expected days’ supply remaining.

The traffic light colour code warns you when your days’ supply is low or you’re out of supply, as follows:

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Tapping any medicine will take you to the screen for complete information about that medication, settings, scripts records and more.

Non-Prescription Meds or Vitamins

You can also create your own reminders for your non-prescription vitamins and other supplements. For example, MedAdvisor can remind you when you’re running low on your daily Vitamin C supplement.

Non-prescription items are not automatically updated. You must specify the number of days’ supply you have if you’d like to receive a reminder when you need to replenish your supply.

  • Green indicates you have sufficient medication left.
  • Yellow indicates you’re running low.
  • Red indicates that you have no medication left, and may need to visit your doctor or pharmacy.


Fill-My-Scripts automatically reminds you when to fill your recurring scripts, and chases you up if you forget.

When you are close to running out of a medication, MedAdvisor will send you a message providing information on the medication running low.

MedAdvisor knows when you fill scripts so it will only send these messages if you haven’t filled your script five days before your medication runs out. If you don’t fill the script and don’t mark this medicine as ‘Finished’, MedAdvisor will remind you again on the day the medicine runs out, and again when you’ve been without medication supply for three days as a final chase.

Reminders arrive as push notifications (pop-ups) on your mobile device, or via email for PC/web users of MedAdvisor.

Fill-My-Script messages include a button to add the item to a Tap-To-Refill order, so you can easily order your replacement medication for that item. You can also edit the days’ supply remaining if you have more/less supply than indicated or can mark the medicine as ‘Finished’ if you’re no longer taking it.

See-My-Doctor reminds you when you’ll need to see your doctor for new scripts.

When MedAdvisor detects that you have no repeats left for a long-term medication it will suggest you see your doctor for a new script two weeks before you take your last dose of that medicine. This gives you time to ensure you get to your doctor before you run out.

You can mark that you have a new script (if you already have a replacement script) and MedAdvisor will not remind you further until after you’ve filled your next script.

Script Expiry Warnings

If your script for a long-term medication is about to expire, MedAdvisor will warn you two weeks before the expiry. You may choose to fill the script/repeat before it expires, or you may need to see your doctor for a replacement script. (typically prescriptions are only valid for 6 or 12 months in Australia).

Note that script expiry warnings are not offered for certain restricted medications (S8 class).


Take-My-Meds reminds you when to take specific medications each day, at the appropriate times of the day.

The optional Take-My-Meds feature lets your smart phone or tablet alert you every time you’re due to take medication. The notifications include details of exactly which medications are due at that time.

Alerts can be set daily on certain days, or on weekly, monthly or annual schedules. Short or long/persistent alert sounds can be included. On Android devices a full-screen alert is available, and the alert sound can be customised.

This feature is only available on Apple and Android mobile devices.

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Order prescriptions with a tap so they’re ready to collect at the pharmacy – no waiting!

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Using the Tap-To-Refill feature, you can order prescription repeats to be dispensed in advance at your favourite pharmacy. Order one or many medications in the one order.

You’ll receive a message from the pharmacy as soon as your medicines are ready to collect. When you arrive at the pharmacy your scripts are ready to go!

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Remember you MUST leave your prescriptions on file at the pharmacy to allow the Tap-To-Refill feature.

Your pharmacist needs to check the paper prescriptions before dispensing your medication.

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If you have a new prescription that you haven’t taken to the pharmacy yet, you can send a photo of it to the pharmacy so that medication can also be dispensed in advance of your visit.

Look for the Snap-n-Send area in the Tap-To-Refill screen and tap the Take Photo button to start.

This feature is only available on Apple and Android mobile devices.

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Medication Information

Full information for all your medicines in easy-to-access sections, so you can quickly learn more.

For all your prescription medications MedAdvisor offers detailed, personalised information.

The Medicine Details screen shows:

  • The active ingredient, brand name, strength and form (e.g. tablet, capsule, inhaler) of the medication.
  • An image of what the medication looks like, for all common tablet and capsule form medications.
  • Personalised directions (from the pharmacist). This will match the label stuck to the medicine box or bottle.
  • Full details of scripts and repeats – read more here.
  • Days supply indicator. This is updated with additional days whenever you fill your script, but can be edited at any time.

Consumer Medication Information (CMI)

The full manufacturer information for the product is provided at the bottom of the screen, in easy fold-out sections. Look up important facts like:

  • Common Uses
  • How-To-Use Guide
  • Cautions/Warnings
  • Possible Side Effects
  • Safety Checks

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Medication Training

For selected prescription medications MedAdvisor offers additional training and information to assist you.

For these products the Medicine Details page may include the product logo, images of the device or box for the product, helpful tips or links to additional training.

For selected products you may also receive training messages providing additional advice such as:

  • How to properly use the medication
  • The benefits and importance of regular use
  • What to do if you miss a dose
  • How to manage problems with the medication
  • How to best manage your health condition
  • Coping with side effects
  • And other helpful tips…

You can opt-out of such messages at any time with the switch at the bottom of the message.

Carer Mode®

Manage the medication of other family members from within your MedAdvisor account.

With Carer Mode® , you can add the medication profiles of multiple family members and access all their medications, and all other MedAdvisor features, from a single account.

It’s great if you organise the prescription medication for your kids, spouse or elderly parents.

Your family members’ medications will appear in their own sections on the MedAdvisor home screen, and all other features are provided including all reminders and messages. With Carer Mode® messages and other features will clearly indicate which family member they relate to.

To get started, your pharmacist simply issues you with additional activation codes, one for each family member to be added to your account. The additional activation codes can be entered as part of activating your account initially, or cared for family members can be added at a later date in the Settings area.

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Pharmacists must collect appropriate consent from each individual you wish to add to your MedAdvisor account, before they generate their activation code. This is important because each activation code allows your MedAdvisor account to access the personal records of prescribed medications for that individual, which is potentially sensitive data.

‘Appropriate consent’ typically means the cared for family member is present in the pharmacy and their identity can be verified OR that they consent via a paper form your pharmacy may provide.

For children under 16 years of age, the parent or legal guardian can request activation codes without consent.

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Pharmacist Phil, Your Virtual Pharmacist

Pharmacist Phil provides personalised tips and reminders.

Pharmacist Phil lives on your home screen and prompts you with important actions – like reminding you that you need to fill repeat scripts, see your doctor for new scripts, have new unread messages or that you have other tasks to complete.

Phil appears in your MedAdvisor messages – if he’s looking worried, it could mean you’re overdue to fill a script!

Phil will also occasionally suggest MedAdvisor features that could be of interest.

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Script History

Browse details of all your prescriptions and past repeat dispenses.

MedAdvisor provides you with a complete view of all your current and historic prescriptions for each prescription medication. The Scripts & Repeats area of Medicine Details provides a complete picture of your current scripts (i.e. those that can still be dispensed from).

For each script you’ll see:

  • the medication name, type and strength
  • the number of repeats left
  • the script expiry date
  • the script status: New (unused), Active (has been used), Finished (no repeats left), Expired, etc.

The same information can also be seen for your historic scripts, i.e. old scripts that have been completely consumed or have expired. Just tap Load Prescription History.

Each script entry can be expanded to show the individual dispense instances, including the location, date and quantity dispensed by your pharmacy every time you’ve had that script filled.

Favourite Pharmacy

Details and contact information of your ‘favourite’ or regular pharmacy are easily accessible in the Pharmacy screen of MedAdvisor, and are highlighted elsewhere in MedAdvisor, for example in messages that prompt you to visit or contact your pharmacy.

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You can easily see their opening hours, address, phone number, email (tap to call them) and other services your pharmacy offers.

By default the pharmacy that first enrolled you in the MedAdvisor program will be set as your favourite pharmacy.

Pharmacy Locator

If you need to change your favourite pharmacy, for instance if you move house or work, you can search for other MedAdvisor network pharmacies using the Pharmacy Locator, in the Nearby or Search tabs. Search for those nearby your current location, or use Search and enter a postcode, suburb or state. You can change your favourite pharmacy with the button provided below each entry – although you’ll need to visit your new pharmacy with all your scripts to allow Tap-To-Refill ordering.

If you’re travelling, it’s recommended that you visit other MedAdvisor pharmacies if you need to fill scripts. This ensures your records in MedAdvisor will always stay up-to-date. Note you don’t need to change your favourite pharmacy just because you want to fill scripts temporarily at another pharmacy – your records will still update provided the pharmacy is a MedAdvisor network pharmacy.

GP Link Service


GP Link is MedAdvisor’s script renewal service, allowing you to request a script renewal (also referred to as a ‘repeat prescription’) directly through the MedAdvisor app and website from an Australian certified and registered doctor. That doctor can be your regular doctor, where they have signed up to be part of MedAdvisor’s GP Link service, or, where your regular doctor is not available, you can choose to request a script renewal through the MedAdvisor app and website from an On-Demand GP.

To access GP Link, click on the GP Link menu item in MedAdvisor.

How do I start ordering scripts?

Step 1: Link your Doctor to your MedAdvisor account (click to view)

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Step 2: Order your new prescription (click to view)

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More Questions?

Visit our FAQ page and scroll down to GP Link.