Blow Winter Worries Away!

Winter Worries

As a carer, I know all too well the extra care we need to take to keep our families safe and healthy during winter. Here are a few tips from my family to yours. Blow winter worries away with vitamins and minerals too!

What’s the difference between cold and flu symptoms? Blow Winter Worries Away

Can you stop yourself from getting sick this winter?

Here are some tips to help with the answer to these questions.

Staying Well 

We prioritise sleep and regular exercise to help keep our immune systems strong,

To stay hydrated we always ensure our kids take a full bottle of water to school so they can avoid sharing cups or using water fountains which are easy ways germs can spread.

A well-balanced diet with plenty of colourful fruits and vegetables will also help. Whilst vitamins should never replace a healthy diet. they can be a great way to support it.

Probiotics may help give your immune system a boost. We sprinkle a Probiotic Immune Kids powder on cereal or mix into a glass of milk.

Check with your Pharmacist about what could work for your family.

Hand Hygiene

Encourage kids to wash their hands with soap and water before eating and after using the bathroom. Not sure how long for? Singing Happy Birthday twice through is the perfect length! Hand sanitiser is great for when washing hands isn’t possible.

You can attach a small bottle to our kid’s school bag so they can use it before recess and lunch.

Blow Winter Worries Away

Asthma 

Children can be prone to asthma attacks in winter so if you have a child who suffers from asthma, be sure to check their Asthma Action Plan.

How do you recover quickly from a cold or the flu?

Shop our latest catalogue now with online chemist advertising on this site.

National Diabetes Week 12 July – 18 JulyStay on top of your Diabetes this National Diabetes Week with a visit to your Pharmacist.

They can support your diabetes management with a medicine review and give you advice on self-monitoring, foot care, and managing your diabetes under stress.

For more information, check out page catalogue or visit Wizard’s Health Hub.

PREVENTION

Get Vaccinated

Annual flu vaccination is the best defense to help you fight the flu.

Live Healthily

Ensure you eat well, drink lots of fluids, and get plenty of sleep.

Blow Winter Worries Away

Boost Your Immune

Speak to a Wizard Pharmacist or Naturopath about what supplements can help you.

Practice Good Hygiene

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser. Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow when sneezing.

TREATMENT

Pain Relief

Help reduce fever, headaches and body aches by using pain relief such as Ibuprofen or Paracetamol as directed by your Pharmacist

Nasal Spray

Using a nasal spray may provide relief from a stuffy or blocked nose,

Chesty Cough Liquids.

A constant cough can stop you in your tracks. A chesty cough liquid can provide relief from this common cold and Du symptom and reduce phlegm build-up.

Sore Throat Lozenges

Help soothe your throat with lozenges that ease discomfort and reduce inflammation.

RECOVERY

Stay at Home 

Help prevent the spread by staying at home and limiting contact with others for 14 days.

Rest

Be sure to get plenty of rest. This can help boost your immune system to get you feeling better

Hydrate

Stay well hydrated with water and electrolytes to replenish fluids and help your breathing.

Blow Winter Worries Away

Ease your breathing with a humidifier or vaporiser. Head over to the Shop on this website to see humidifiers.

Please discuss any concerns you may have with your GP or Pharmacists. Stay Safe and Well with a quality product such as Blackmores.

Stay Healthy This Winter – Blow winter worries away!

The immune system is our most important defender against foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria,
It is only when we begin to feel run down or can’t shake a cold that we give the immune system the attention it deserves. Herbal and nutrient supplements can help improve your resistance to infections, and help you recover should you suffer winter ills and chills.
Essential ingredients during winter:
  • Andrographis
  • Olive leaf
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Probiotics

In conclusion, this winter we have had to cope with a pandemic and flu season at the same time. With a little bit of extra planning, those contagious viruses will be minimalized with a little extra thought. Stay Safe and well.

Jennifer

 

 

 

Specifics Needed For First Aid Kit

First Aid Kit

What is your first aid kit going to be used for? Whether the first aid kit is for travel, hiking, overseas travel, or just for the medical supplies at home, it is best to pack items that are going to be needed for specific functions.

You can design a first aid kit for different situations. The bottom line is to decide which medical problems you will most likely be facing in the situation you are concerned about.

The kits may be packed in such a way that you will find the exact item you need for a particular injury easily and quickly. Here are some examples.

Hiking First Aid Kit

  • Should be lightweight pack to carry
  • Bandaids for blisters, and be able to treat sprain and strains.
  • Compact first aid manual
  • Pressure immobilisation bandages
  • Compression bandages
  • Snake Bite Bandage
  • Regular roller bandages
  • Triangular bandage for breaks
  • Gauze or cotton pads for wounds
  • Assorted bandaids for blisters and cuts
  • Moleskin and/or blister kit
  • Trekkers Wool (for hotspot and blister prevention)
  • Ointment for insect bites
  • Antiseptic cream
  • Saline solution
  • Soluble pain relieversFirst Aid Kit
  • Electrolyte replacement‎
  • Antihistamine
  • Insect repellent
  • Salt, for leeches
  • Matches and Flint
  • Personal medication, with instructions
  • Tweezers and splinter needles
  • Small scissors or nail clippers
  • Notepad and pencil
  • I highly recommend that you always carry a personal survival kit.

Disaster First Aid Kit (tornado, flood, cyclone, fire)

  • If this is the case, you can concentrate on supplies of trauma,
  • blood clotting agent
  • probably malleable splints such as these
  • mobile stretchers, Israeli dressings and
  • other things that can help you care for the wounded at the other end of the spectra.

Survival Group  or Mission Work

In a third world nation and or living off the grid, First Aid Supplies need to include

  • protective mask and gloves for disease control
  • anti-diarrheal medicines for injuries and
  • aseptic, water,
  • sterilization,
  • supplies,
  • antibiotics, and even
  • SWAT tourniquet
  • blood clotting agent
  • dental supplies become more important.

Conclusion

You can never get enough information for those with little or no medical training in these environments.

Taking a course and training on how to use the first aid products is always beneficial.

It’s best to include intuitive products like the compact SWAT tourniquet, simple to use, and the instructions are actually on the product.

This can be used for pressure dressing or even to protect the splints.

In summary, it is important to decide which medical problems you will most likely be facing in the situation you are concerned about.

First Aid Kit

 

3 Tips For Self Management Of Diabetes

Self management of diabetes

Self management of diabetes and glucose levels can be challenging sometimes. If you are frail, or if you take other medicines or have other health problems, you may be at greater risk of hypoglycemia.

It is recommended that your doctor reviews your targets on a regular basis.

They can help set blood glucose targets that will keep you safe.

The target blood glucose levels for people over 65 who are living independently is generally between 4 and 10 mmol/L. This range may increase to between 6 to 15 mmol/L if you take medication for your diabetes, become frail, have other health problems, or are at risk of falls.

Ask your doctor what targets you should be aiming for. Blood glucose meters and other devices used to help manage your diabetes need regular review, testing, and upgrading. Your diabetes educator or pharmacist may be able to help you with this.

Self management of diabetes

Healthy Tip – 1

Once you turn 65, ask your doctor to review your blood glucose targets regularly.

It is not uncommon for people with diabetes to have a high blood glucose level. Generally, a blood glucose level over 15mmol/L is considered hyperglycemia and should prompt you to think about why it could be high.

A high blood glucose level now and then is not a problem. However, if you get symptoms of hyperglycemia or your blood glucose levels to remain high for a few days, it is really important to contact your doctor.

There are several causes of hyperglycemia in people:

• too little insulin or diabetes medicine

• food intake not being covered adequately by insulin or medication

• decrease inactivity

• illness, infection or injury

• severe physical or emotional stress

• taking certain medications, in-particular oral steroids or steroid injections

• insulin pump not working properly.

If you have a blood glucose level over 15mmof/L and you are not sure what to do, or if you are becoming unwell, contact your doctor.

Healthy Tip  – 2

Self management of diabetes

As you get older you may find your hyperglycemia warning signs change. When you were younger, early warning symptoms of hyperglycemia may have included increased thirst, passing lots of urine, nausea, blurred vision, or dry mouth. As you get older your warning signs may become less obvious feel tired or confused or you may feel nothing at all. If you think that it might affect you, it is strongly recommended you discuss it with your doctor or diabetes educator.

When you are unwell, you need to take extra care. Your diabetes may become harder to manage when you are sick.

It can be really helpful to talk to your doctor or diabetes educator about what to do if you become sick before it happens. How you manage will depend on whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Your doctor or diabetes educator can help you write a plan for what to do if you become unwell. Make sure you give a copy of the plan to your family and friends, so they also know what to do.

Healthy Tip 3

If you talk to your doctor or diabetes educator now about a sick day plan, you will be prepared.

Keep your plan handy and make sure you give a copy to your family and friends.

Managing Your Physical Activity As You Get Older

The aging process, the complications of diabetes, and other health issues can result in physical limitations that have an impact on our lives. You may experience vision problems, hearing loss, have less physical energy and flexibility or be in pain.

Self management of diabetes

It is important to:

                        • have your feet checked every six months
                        • have your hearing tested every year”
                        • have your eyes tested every two’
                        • (or more often if advised), and

Let your doctor know if you have pain or feel sore or are uncomfortable in any part of your body.

Sometimes people think they are too old or frail to exercise but any increase in activity can make a difference to your health and well-being.

It is recommended that people over 65 years do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most preferable days.

If you are already this active, keep going!

If you have not been this active or you have not exercised for a while, it is a good idea to talk to your doctor before you start.

Begin slowly and build up: for example, if you are aiming for 30 minutes of walking per day, start with 10 minutes once or twice a day. After two weeks, make it 15 minutes twice a day and you will have reached your goal of 30 minutes a day.

There are many ways you can keep active such as walking, gentle swimming, working in the garden, washing the car, dancing, or Tai Chi. Being physically active in the company of other people can be very enjoyable, and can help you to keep motivated and committed.

Try walking with a family member, friend, or neighbor, or see what senior classes your local council offers.

It is important to do a range of activities that include fitness, strength, flexibility and balance.

If you are not sure how these ”types of activities” or you are not sure what activity or how many days is preferable then it’s best you talk to your doctor or an exercise physiologist. They can help tailor a program just for you.

Managing Your Emotions

Significant life changes can put them at risk of anxiety and depression.

The future and bereavement can contribute to feelings of helplessness and depression.

Living with diabetes can also be tiring and worrying about you and your family .

Diabetes means you look after yourself every single day, with no breaks.

This constant pressure can take its toll and you may feel anxious or depressed.

Symptoms of anxiety and depression in older people are sometimes is not recognised because this can be seen as part of ‘growing old’.

It is important for you to talk to your doctor or other health professions about getting the right advice and support.

You can read about the kinds of issues that support services can help you in Key Factors For Home Health Care Services

Seek help if you:

  • feel sad, feel tired, sleep a lot or have daytime sleepiness
  • have trouble falling or staying asleep
  • have unexplained or aggravated aches and pains
  • are reluctant to be with friends, participate in activities or leave your home
  • lose weight or your appetite
  • Jack motivation or energy
  • have slowed movement or speech
  • neglect your personal care (such as skipping meals, forgetting your medicine or neglecting personal hygiene)
  • are frequently worried or have concerns about a number of things in your life including your health
  • have feelings of worthlessness or self-loathing
  • fixated on death or have thoughts of harming yourself or suicide.

Self management of diabetes

Manage your blood sugar better with ALIGN Blood Glucose monitor available through the Store on this web site.

iHealth ALIGN Blood Glucose Monitor works exclusively with iHealth test strips and works with the app to track expiration and quantity, so you never run out.

iHealth Blood Glucose Test Strips are sold separately.

About the size of a quarter, this portable glucometer fits easily into your pocket and attaches directly to your smartphone or tablet for fast, accurate readings whenever, wherever.

Portable glucometer works with the free Gluco-Smart app for iOS and Android devices to help you manage your diabetes. Align lets you measure and record blood sugar readings, share measurements with your doctor right from your smartphone or tablet.

Take control of your diabetes with the AlIGN.

Document medication, exercise, and diet, and track trends over time for a more complete picture of your health.

Self management of diabetes

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Finally, I will summerise this article for you. Ask your doctor what targets you should be aiming for. Blood glucose meters and other devices used to help manage your diabetes need regular review, testing, and upgrading. Your diabetes educator or pharmacist may be able to help you with this. Keep active, maintain a healthy diet will a lot of fresh veggies. Keep active at the level you are comfortable with and aim for good mental health and balanced relationships.

10 Key Steps to Eating Healthy

General Nutritional Guidelines

10 key steps to eating healthy include small and simple steps we can take with our diet that can help us feel more alive with energy and life. Whole, unprocessed food provides our bodies with the nutrients it requires to function at its best for the healthiest life possible.

10 Key Steps to Eating Healthy

1. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables is included in the key steps to eating healthy. Try to eat 7 serves of different fruits and vegetables each day and aim for 40 or more different plant foods each week. This includes nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and healthy seed grains like quinoa and buckwheat. The more plant food variety we have in our diet, the better the health of the microbiome, and the more antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals we have to keep our cells fully functioning. Eat fresh organic produce as much as possible.

If you can’t afford organic foods then wash your fruit and vegetables well with a fruit and veggie wash or scrub with water and vinegar to remove the pesticide residue. Testing has shown that organic foods are more than 50 times higher in vitamins, minerals, and anti-oxidants’. Eat mostly raw or lightly cooked vegetables.

Either eat raw or steam, aiming to maintain the crispiness and color. When the weather is cooler, it is important to include more cooked foods as raw foods are very cooling on the body and can cause fatigue.

2. Eat wholegrain grains and cereals. If you want to eat bread, limit to 1-2 slices per day and make sure they are whole and unprocessed such as rye, spelt, Kamut, and pumpernickel bread. Try using brown rice or quinoa instead of refined white rice or cook half and half. Eat cereals made from whole grains, nuts, and seeds, high in fiber, and no added sugar.

Steps to eating healthy

3. Include a variety of lean meat, fish, poultry, or vegetarian alternatives in your steps to eating healthy. Free-range, grass-fed meat is more nutrient-dense and better tasting. Free-range roaming chickens are healthier as they are lower or free from chemicals. Eat large ocean fish only 1-2 per week (as they can accumulate toxins and heavy metals), focus more on smaller fish such as mackerel and herring 3-4 times per week. Include at least 5 vegetarian meals per week eg quiche, veggie burgers, quinoa salad/bake. Choose organic animal foods as much as possible as it will be free from chemicals.

4. Dairy foods and alternatives (optional) a Use natural yogurts with probiotics eg vaalia (not Yakult, too much sugar), you can add the fruit yourself if you want, for flavor. When selecting soy milk choose those made from non-GM, whole soya beans, and use in moderation. If you don’t have an intolerance to dairy small amounts of milk, cheese and yogurt are okay in your diet.Steps to eating healthy

If you do have an intolerance to dairy substitutes with goat’s milk, coconut milk, calcium-fortified soy, and rice milk, or nut and seed milk e.g. almond and oat milk.

5. Drink plenty of water. Water is required to keep your body hydrated and to flush water-soluble toxins from the body.

You should drink at least 3 liters of filtered water each day, plus an extra half to one liter for every hour of exercise/heavy sweating.

Water keeps our cells healthy and fluid, which means nutrients can enter efficiently and waste products can leave the cell properly.

Keeping hydrated also helps with brain function and hormonal balance and protects our kidneys.

Filtered water is a better option to reduce the exposure to chemicals that are often added to our water.

These chemicals in the water can bind to vitamins and minerals in our blood and excrete them, which can lead to deficiencies.

6. Limit unhealthy fats including foods that have been deep-fried, a packet of chips, cheap chocolate, vegetable oils such as canola, and rice bran.

7. Use healthy oils every day. Use cold-pressed virgin olive oil or coconut oil for cooking. Flaxseed, avocado, and nut oils make great oils for salad dressing, these oils can’t be heated. Increase intake of Omega 3 oils eg fish oils, flaxseed oil, hemp seed oil, chia seeds, and hemp seeds. Add the oils to your breakfast, salads, veggies.

Omega 3 fats are important for hormones and brain, skin, and User health and are naturally anti-inflammatory.

8. Limit alcohol intake. Studies have found that no amount of alcohol is actually okay for the body. If you would like to enjoy alcohol, limit your intake to 3-4 standard drinks/week.

9. Divide your meal up to get a balance of macronutrients. Divide your plate with a palm-sized portion of protein plus 3 handfuls of vegetables or salads. If you want a larger meal, add more vegetables.

A vegetarian meal could include a combination of eggs, beans, nuts, seeds, lentils, chickpeas, tofu, tempeh, cheese, grains, seaweed, sprouts, quinoa, hummus, and miso as well as vegetable and salads.

Steps to eating healthy

10. Eat small and regular meals if you have a blood sugar issue. If you get dizzy or irritable between meals try eating more fat and fewer carbohydrates such as potato, rice, pasta, cereals. Eat 4-6 small meals rather than 2-3 large meals. When we eat more fat, fewer carbohydrates, and moderate protein, we should be able to go from one meal to the next without snacking. This is a sign of a good blood sugar balance.

Other Steps To Include In Eating Healthy

11. Food breaks. Ideally, our bodies need 3-4 hours break between meals and 3-4 hours break between dinner and bed. Studies show this improves sleep, mood, digestive capacity, immunity, and general wellbeing.

12. Minimize your toxic load a toxins/chemicals in our environment, in our food and drink and what we put on our body affects our hormones, the quality of our cells (therefore our whole body), and can compromise our energy, focus, and mood. Take care to choose chemical-free shampoo, toothpaste, and moisturizer in particular.

Steps to eating healthy

When our skin is hot ie in the shower and we create friction ie brushing our teeth, our pores are more open and can more readily absorb toxins. You can start by replacing 1 item at a time as you finish with them. Also, avoid heating food in plastic as when it is warm, the plastic will release hormone-disrupting chemicals into the food. Try heating in glass containers.

13. Detox! Everybody needs a cleanse and detox 1 -2 times per year to keep our body healthy and clean so we can lead the best life possible.

Enjoy reading this article? Here is another informative article.  4 Key Factors For Home Health Care Services

What Are You On?

What are you on

The phrase “What Are You On” refers to prescribed medications.

It is an significant issue for the global health-care sector. Drug protection is an area of concern and is high-risk.

This post is part of a series of posts relating to taking good care of our health at home. Please read 4 Key Factors For Home Health Care Services if you wish to find out more information about what to expect from care givers.

Maintaining drug safety depends on a variety of factors, errors in assessment, prescribing, dispensation and observations that may lead to adverse effects and harm.

What are you on

Specialists and the health care community are fallible.  The system of health care and drug related services for doctors, health care professionals and health insurance sectors are costly.

Up to 30 per cent of seniors in the United States had a adverse response to their prescribed medication in 2017, according to the American Geriatrics Society. These reactions are most often triggered by skipping doses of medication or inadvertently doubling over drug doses. To avoid these complications and to reduce the risk of adverse reactions with prescription drugs, it is important that seniors establish and sustain a strong drug management programme that will allow them to handle each of their various prescription medicines effectively.

Clearly, medical professionals need to be involved in the research and improvement of drug health, Carers add to this agenda by taking a collective approach to investigating the complexity and protection of prescription control for chronically ill patients.

History.

Few individuals also handle more than one medical condition, a diverse menu of pharmaceutical items and other treatment needs.

What are you on

However, medication protection research to date has concentrated largely on hospital conditions and may have no applicability for home care. For example, unregulated staff, families and unpaid carers receive most healthcare in private homes not planned for such practises.

It is now widely understood that traditional approaches to identify drug-related problems, including labels such as ‘labelless therapy,’ ‘drug-free diagnosis,’ ‘fake medication,’ and ‘false dosage,’ are not acceptable and practical to home care.

Economic , cultural and neighbourhood concerns need to be addressed when evaluating the difficulties associated with medicine. This includes: whether the person can afford to fill the prescription with medication and transportation; anxiety about the side effects; confusion over the purpose, dose or pacing of the drug; and coping with an overwhelmed caregiver with their own health concerns.

It is difficult to provide for any family member who has chronic health problems. Increased number of patients discharged from hospital earlier in recovery process may create uncertainty about new drug regime.

Mobile equipment (i.e., peritoneal and haemodialysis, long-term intravenous catheters, and oxygen / inhalation therapy) has seen a significant rise in home hospital treatment. Both factors, including physical environment, social dynamics, and client and caregiver cognitive and physical skills, must be considered in providing home treatment.

What are you on

Doctors do their utmost to provide the right dosage, but prescription medicines also cause unforeseen reactions. And keeping in good touch with the doctor is smart.

Do not hesitate to call if you think you have an adverse drug reaction or if you are afraid the drugs don’t play together well. The doctor can prescribe another drug or try alternatives to alternative therapies to help you feel better.

Many people are apprehensive about discussing all of their prescription medications with their doctor. Keep in touch with the doctor to make sure the prescription is as safe and effective as the day it was administered.

Many elderly caregivers face their own health issues and can lose sleep as they work almost 24 hours a day. Inside the institutional scenario of carers, there are two to three shifts a day.

Family members and carers often feel a sense of duty in trying to keep the client home without fully understanding that this goal could be unattainable or unrealistic.

Providers work with clients, families and their unpaid caregivers to reduce risks, but the complexity of home environments allows clients and caregivers to routinely exercise independent decision-making in the light of limited professional oversight and often stressed or absent support from home and the community.

In fact, the reporting and communication challenges that are heightened across industries at transition points also raise the potential for inadequate drug resolution and related risks.

However, it is not possible to ignore the vulnerability of home care workers employed mainly without adequate management assistance, and the heterogeneity of each home environment. Consequently, customer service and drug management protection can not be discussed without involving family members, unpaid caregivers and paying providers in the equation.

Our point of view is that the unique life of private homes and communities as well as the various interrelationships between individuals, households, unpaid caregivers and home care staff is a complex socio-ecological issue in terms of healthy handling of drugs.What are you on

Implicit in this perspective of health is the assumption that interactions between human beings and the world are mutual. To elucidate this dynamic relationship, this approach integrates several ideas from machine theory.

Another ecological perspective principle is that people can be represented at multiple aggregation levels in environments: person, family, organisation, society and population.

The need to both explain the multiple levels of problem determinants and recognise opportunities for improvement under this assumption.

Because medicines can interfere poorly with each other, creating a plan for handling medicines does more than just help you stay organised: it also helps you stay healthy.

By knowing which medicines you are taking, you can take responsibility for your own health care and help ensure you remain at low risk for adverse drug interactions.

If prescription medicines are taken properly, they can help us lead happier lives and when you build a medication treatment plan that works for you, it can take a huge stress out of your life and free you up to think about more important things – including spending time with friends and family.

What are you on
What are you on?

If you use a timer and pill dispenser you can not stress about missing your medication. If you get confused about when you take your medication or you feel that there has been a dispensery error please contact the chemist or doctor’s surgery as soon as possible. It is better to be safe than sorry.

 

4 Key Factors For Home Health Care Services

Home Health Care Services

Home health care services should emphase the importance of improving life in everyday homes.

Linking with agencies or government services has a distinct impact on the quality of life for the person being cared for at home.

Developing quality care in individual lifes centres around topics of morality and social responsibility.

Nel Noddings who has authored  a book called “Starting At Home”, is one of the central figures in the contemporary discussion of ethics and moral education. Nodding argues that caring is a way of life, learned at home. This can be extended into a guide for social policy.

Tackling issues such as capital punishment, drug treatment, homelessness, mental illness, and abortion, Noddings inverts traditional philosophical priorities to show how an ethics of care can have profound and compelling implications on social and political thought and policy.

I have found this myself. In  caring for a downs son who is now an adult, for 30 years. I have taken the road less travelled and use phylosophical and ethical decisions to assist in improving the quality of care for my son at home.

So many people can impose their views onto a sometimes difficult situation. And yet in the end, I take time to be on my own and make the best ethical decision I can make at the time. Everything else comes secondary to that decision. Sometimes, family member imply that I have made it hard for myself. However, I sleep well at night knowing I am principle focused and not just going with the flow as so many Carers do. 

home health care services

The book “Starting At Home” describes an ideal world by outlining the environment of a loving home and family. The book asks us if we can expand what we have experienced at home into the broader social sphere in the community.

Noddings explores the conflict that characterised political ideology throughout the 20th century between independence and equality. She describes liberalism/independence to all is a problematic way to base social policy. Alternatively, the author believes attentive love in the house contributes to an acceptable reactivity that can be the basis for social policy.

home health care services

The author argues that, with attention on the person who may be socially isolated we can improve quality of life with at homecare given the right social support.

Noddings further notes that the issue of in home health care services should be driven by responsive policies that allow clinicians to adapt appropriately to the needs of many specific but different customers.

Noddings also advises that significant plans for family, career and public life should start in school education.

At home health care services links the connection between treatment for individuals and any debate for moral and social policy. Whilst stressing the significance of improving life in everyday homes, one can influence the potential function that social policy may play in this change.

Quality Of Care At Home

  • Communication

Contact with workers may lead to the problematic actions of certain clients (Hastings & Remington, 1994).

Common features in communication with carers/workers can be included in training and education.

home health care services

Non-verbal and verbal communication skills are used naturally in the home and in a family units.

Communications and communication styles need to be compatable with the client if you are a carer from an agency or family member as the main care giver.

home health care services

Carers and Care workers may not differ in the way they connect at home and/or at work.

 

Care workers and consumers utilise communicative interventions to a great degree.

Some workers have a willingness to utilise expressions, accessible and closed questions effectively other will not.

Eventually, the explanations why workers interact with consumers undoubtedly go beyond employees’ skills and contact knowledge.

Miscommunicartions can occur with auditory impairments, over stating the meanings of communication, and challenges to interpret the nonverbal actions of consumers as a way of connecting with people.

Communication both verbal and non verbal, written and oral, is a vital key to a happy interaction with carers and consumers. Clear communication and use of commonly understood language are integral to meeting
the expectations of all involved.

Good communication, creative thinking, problem-solving, the ability to adapt to people’s needs and a commitment to change are among the skills needed for successful engagement and participation.

Everyone, including staff and mental health consumers and carers engaged to contribute, should feel welcome and at ease to share their expertise. However, the skills it takes to navigate these processes may not come naturally to everyone, and in some cases, may need to be fostered.

For success, everyone involved in the process needs to be inclusive and committed to recognising and developing skills and knowledge. It is not enough to just give people a seat at the table. It takes time to develop trust and understanding in any relationship. The same is to be said for the Carer/consumer relationship.

Transport

Medical appointments, shopping, private, family activities need to continue while caring for your loved one. There is plenty to see. And even if you’ve given up car keys, getting where you need to go should be considerd.

Transportation services ensure secure, timely, and friendly transportation from A to B. It’s more than a pick-up service. Carers can help with getting ready, have some company, and ensure consumers are supported in every possible way.

home health care services

Transportation includes: Doctor’s appointments Shopping / barber appointments / escort to hospital and home pharmacy collection, social family activities. Every ride you take will be an opportunity rather than a chore.

Trusted carer’s supporting the consumer, will have the advantage of a close companionship everywhere you go.

A individual carer can choose when or where a consumer goes too. Medical Alert ID’s can be worn just in case of emergencies.

Motivation.

Lack of motivation can impact negatively on the individual’s participation in recovery or disability. Decreased participation and engagement during rehabilitation greatly influences the level of function gained, length of stay in the hospital, mood and discharge destination.

Motivation is the drive or reason that a patient has to participate in their rehabilitation. However,  motivation levels can be negatively affected by apathy and depression, which are commonly seen in the consumer population.

home health care services

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

Apathy is described as “reduced motivation to engage in activities or general lack of initiative”.

Strategies and Interventions For Motivation

There are some strategies and interventions that have been shown to help patients suffering from depression and apathy.

  • Therapeutic Connection

Clinicians can influence motivation through their manner, the level of support they offer to the patient and the level of their involvement as perceived by the patient. Developing rapport with the patient and being genuine in any interaction underpins therapeutic connectivity.

  • Goal-Setting

Motivation is enhanced when there are clear goals which are personally relevant and developed with mutual understanding, negotiation and interaction. Goals and therapy need to be personalised, functional and meaningful. Patients are less motivated if tasks are not meaningful to them. Describing goals using the patient’s language is as important as the development of the goal itself.

home health care services

It has been indicated that listening to music during neural recovery enhances focused attention and verbal memory.

  • Music Therapy

Collectively study findings provide evidence that music engages and facilitates a wide range of cognitive functions. There is indication that listening  to music during neural recovery enhances focused attention and verbal memory. Results were better when music most relevant to the individual was utilised for at least 60 minutes per day.

  • Cognitive Stimulation

    Enhancing perception, attention, comprehension, learning, remembering, problem-solving and reasoning are the goals of cognitive stimulation. Providing opportunities for social interactions with others including family, friends and pets (and incorporating them in their rehabilitation plan) will stimulate cognitive processes.

  • Person-Centred Care Planning

    Acknowledging the patient as a unique individual who is an expert on themselves underpins person-centredness. Providing choices through the provision of information and education may enable them to become more engaged and confident in decision-making processes.

Ascertaining the most likely cause for lack of motivation and disengagement in rehabilitation and recovery should determine the path of the treatment plan and the adoption of most effective interventions. Implementation of appropriate interventions decreases the risk of continued motivational impact on recovery, optimises functional independence and improves the patient’s quality of life post-discharge.

Willingness To Take Responsibility.

When consumers are in institutions, hospitals or group homes, their choice is often severely limited. Choices are made as simple as when to wake up, what to eat, or who to spend your time with. We need to ensure that there is sufficient community housing and resources so that the person in recovery or with a disability can exercise their right to make decisions, take chances, engage in and even succeed in the often frightening and uncertain outside world.

home health care services

Hope is essential to recovery. Every option involves failure or success. Over-protective, limiting opportunities for people, not allowing them to take risks or try new stuff, crushes hope. It can be seen in many individuals long institutionalised or hospitalised. This can also lead to learned helplessness, sometimes more crippling than the disease itself (Petersen, Maier & Seligman, 1995). By promoting risk responsibility and encouraging people to determine and take chances, service providers help combat learned helplessness and foster self-esteem, self-respect, confidence, hope, and recovery.

 

Medical Alert Bracelets Saves Lifes

Medical Supplies for Homes

Medical Alert Bracelets

Medical ID’s are extremely useful when a medical crises happens.

If you or your family suffer from chronic conditions, then a medical alert could save you life. I have used these in the past when my son (who has a chronic illness) travels away from home. The give me comfort that he will get help if needed and his medical detail are there on the spot for any emergency situation.

The justification for wearing a Medical Alert Bracelet ID is the following ailments, illness and conditions:

  • Reactions to food, to medications or to insects.
  • Pulmonary disorders (Asthma / COPD) kidney dysfunction (angina, arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, pacemakers).
  • Blood diseases, diabetes.
  • Impairment of Alzheimer’s / Memory loss
  • Medical diseases such as diabetes,
  • Heart attack,
  • Cardiovascular disease and
  • Seizures, etc.

Medical ID bracelets are intended to provide EMT details about the specific medical and allergie diagnosis or medicine which you are taking in case of emergencies at the moment that they are on an emergencies. Specifically, make sure you have any symptoms which may render the family unable to speak with the emergency services (e.g. epilepsy disorder) and/or could be lethal.

Four pieces of information are typically included in a medical ID alert ring. The information is identified or impaired, allergies (if applicable), identity of the patient and contact with an ambulance. Such items are also not required, such as the address of the patient (unless they have dementia) and social security numbers.

What kind of medical ID are EMTs and paramedics most popular?

If it is recommended that a personal ID should be used for medical emergencies, there are many options to choose from. Many emergency staff are qualified to read personal ID’s such as a necklace or bracelet.

medical alert bracelet

Which is the perfect identification badge for you?

The Key2Life sport watch is one that I have identified as the most detailed medical identity item with its total capacity as 3,75 GB of data. This is probably one of the most comfortable bracelets available.

A medical alert ID such as the Keytolife is usually tailor made for you and is linked to an emergency alarm.

It can also be a medical warning system if you see any necklace, bracelet, or pendant with the medical mark.

If you have a disease and in case you have a medical emergency or, you are required to wear a Med ID in of an emergency, then your doctor can be notified.

Alerti1

Monthly costs vary from $29.95 and $89.85.

The monthly costs of Alert1 vary from one business to the next based on our monthly rates.

Medical alert systems are wearable devices that call for help at the press of a button. They provide the user with a safety net, particularly when they live alone, allowing them to age in place longer. The mobile medical alert system can save your life.

Many medical alert bracelets and necklaces have a white red cross symbol.

This is the logo of the International Committee of the Red Cross and is the symbol adopted at the 1864 Geneva Convention, which was used most of the time in order to protect medical vehicles and buildings against any military attack in a conflict.

The Greek God of Medicine Asclepius wore a single rod, which from the fifth century BC became a medical symbol. A further serpent, known as the caduceus, was taken by the gods messenger Hermes (the Roman god Mercury).

The MedicAlert Foundation

The MedicAlert Foundation is another organisation based in Turlock, California, that has no non-profit status since 1956. In the case of an emergencies, it maintains a database containing the personal records of its members.

Leaders supply the company with vital medical evidence and get a distinctive metal cuff or collar tag that is still worn. First responders such as emergency care personnel or law enforcement agents may use it to provide access to the history of the carriers and of specific medical needs.

The name MedicAlert can either be interpreted as two distinct words “medical alert” or as a mixed form of “medical alert.”

MedicAlert IDs also aim to emulate standard jewellers (e.g. braceles, necklaces, Identification cards, etc.) by incorporating the distinctive MedicAlert gravure symbol.

Customized jewellery includes, on the opposite side and vital medical information and a customised identification number for pharmaceutical items, the words “Hospital Alert” and Asclepius, the common sign for the medical practitioner.

Medical personnel can call the MedicAlert Emergency Hotline 24-hour and have an ID number on the back of the ID to obtain more information on the membership.

Medical conditions of the user are reviewed and prioritised by professionally qualified specialist or general practioner in order to diagnose the patient by an emergency health care provider. In order to transfer the prioritised illness or condition into the members symbol and the wallet key, MedicAlert provides more specific information ready to be communicated during an emergency.

The two main MedicAlert IDs are bracelets and necklaces while the IDs change depending on country and availability, the first of which is the most popular. MedicAlert has partnered with Citizen View Co. to provide the Citizen Watch Co with a variety of watches. Custom-made engraving and MedicAlert logo Eco-Drive watch.

In the 1980s, health firms including The Epilepsy Foundation and The American Diabetes Association were founded and eventually formed alliances with MedicAlert.

Medical problems and information, include but not limited to allergies (food, chemicals, insects), and illnesses such as alzheimer, asthma, autism, diabetes epilepsy disorder, hemophilia, cardiac failure could be stored in mobile devices such as bracelets and necklaces.

Furthermore, MedicAlert Associations allow organ donation guidelines to be submitted on the IDs.

Additional instructions about the course of action for caregivers or emergency services where the patient is not able to obtain informed consent due to a disability of illness can also be stored on medical alert jewellery.

MedicAlert must normally be able to comply, in the USA, with the signed advance orders, that are available when contacting MedicAlert to first responders and medical staff. A common instruction like “Do not resuscitate (DNR)” that states that a patient is not to be revived when he / she is suffering from cardiac or respiratory arrest.

medical alert bracelet

Anyone in every age with a chronic disorder, allergy of drugs or even an indication with a normal or emergency medical case such as: medical disease – diabetes, autism, obesity, cardiac attack, etc. Allergies – eg food or medicine such as penicillin, peanuts, etc.

Traveler, Children and Elderly Identification.

When you and your loved ones do not speak because of language differences, misunderstandings, fear or confusion providing immediate access to vital names and contact numbers, MedicAlert ® can “speak” for you.

MedicAlert armband & donor organ passport recognize your personal ailments immediately.

5 Of The Best Medical Alert Smart Watches are;

1. Apple Watch 5 and up

2. Freedom Guardian

3. MobileHelp Smart

4. HeartGuide

5. Galaxy Watch Active2 4G

Specifiations and prices can be obtained from Phone Bot Australia.

Conclusion

Medical ID bracelets are intended to provide EMT details about the specific medical, allergies or medicine which you are taking in case of emergencies at the moment that they have an emergency.

 

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Managed Health Services At Telehealth

Manage Heath Services

Healius, a leading Australian healthcare company, is a synonym for consistency, sustainability and accessibility to health for all Australians. Healius offers world-class services for licenced general physicians, radiologists and other health providers, through its comprehensive network of multi-disciplinary practise clinics, pathology labs and forensic imaging centres, which deliver patient treatment in collaboration with Healius pathologists, nurses and other staff.

The Healius model medical centre promotes transparency and cost effectiveness of health care facilities, while facilitating the integration and continuance of patient care safety.

With more than 1,500 qualified general practitioners (GPs), dentists, primary care professionals and other clinicians who work with both acute and chronic problems in their patients Healius partners.

Healius provides medical professionals with a wide variety of resources and support that enable them to focus on providing their patients with professional treatment.

Services include:

  1. Nurses and Day Surgery Units
  2. Practice management
  3. Property management
  4. Finance and administration
  5. Human Resources management
  6. IT and risk management
  7. Business development and marketing support

In order to manage the centres, Healius employs around 1,800 nurses, practice managers, centre support staff and corporate staff.

Healius has over 70 Medical Centres across Australia which are generally open 365 days a year, 7 am to 10 pm, and offer appointments and walk-in services. The majority of services provided by the independent health care professionals in these centres are Bulk Billed.

Managed Health Services

Healius’s large-scale, multi-disciplinary Medical Centres are equipped with treatment areas, nursing support, pathology, radiology.

When is Telehealth Appropriate? Via Telehealth you can consult your doctor to:

  • Manage chronic diseases, including diabetes. The practice nurses can also assist GPs with chronic disease management via Telehealth
  • Obtain mental health advice and support
  • Receive a repeat prescription for known health conditions or contraception.
  • Your prescription can be sent straight to your preferred pharmacy, which may also offer home delivery of your medication.
  • Obtain a referral to a specialist or COVID-19 testing
  • Conduct an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health assessment
  • Get assistance for a wide range of conditions
  • Access counseling by psychologists and psychiatrists

Many of the centres have an on-site chemist and a range of specialist services including:

  • Dental
  • Physiotherapy
  • Occupational Health
  • Allied Health Services
  • IVF
  • Eye Specialists
  • Skin Clinics

Managed Health Services

Pathology

Pathology is a medical specialty that focuses on determining the cause and nature of diseases and is integral to the health of all Australians.

In fact, 70% of all medical decisions and 100% of cancer diagnoses rely on a pathology test. Healius’s mission in pathology is to deliver accurate and timely diagnostic services Australia-wide.

Healius’s Pathology division, Specialist Diagnostic Services or SDS, is one of Australia’s leading providers of private medical laboratory and pathology services.

SDS operates over 100 medical laboratories and over 2,200 patient collection centres across metropolitan, regional and remote Australia. Each year, it provides one in every three pathology services in Australia, extending from exclusively servicing some of Australia’s largest and most complex private and public hospitals to small and remote Australian Aboriginal communities.

SDS employs around 280 specialist pathologists and over 7,600 dedicated scientists, laboratory technicians, phlebotomists and team members. SDS offers its medical laboratory and pathology services through a variety of different geographically-based and specialty brands including:

QML Pathology

Founded in the 1920s, QML Pathology is the market leader in Queensland operating over 20 laboratories throughout regional and metropolitan Queensland and more than 500 collection centres across QLD and northern NSW.

Laverty Pathology

Laverty Pathology can trace its origins all the way back to Dr Eva Shipton, one of Australia’s first female pathologists, who opened her clinic in Macquarie St, Sydney in 1928. Today Laverty Pathology is one of Australia’s largest practices with 30 laboratories and more than 700 collection centres servicing metropolitan Sydney, the ACT, and regional NSW.

Dorevitch Pathology

A premier medical laboratory and pathology provider in Victoria, Dorevitch Pathology maintains 33 laboratories and nearly 700 collection centres across the state. In addition, the practice services many of Victoria’s largest public and private hospitals.

Western Diagnostic Pathology

Western Diagnostic Pathology provides specialist expertise to many indigenous communities extending from the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara lands to Arnhem land in Northern Australia and Albany in the south. These practices also service Perth’s largest public and private hospitals as well as practitioners throughout the state.

Genomic Diagnostics

A specialist genomic analysis laboratory with a strong industry presence worldwide, Genomic Diagnostics was the first private laboratory in Australia to offer polymerase chain reaction testing that detected the DNA of viruses, and well as the first to provide next generation sequencing for diagnostic testing. Genomic is currently Australia’s largest non-government diagnostic genetic sequencing facility with the biggest genetically-characterised tissue banks in the country.

Managed Health Services

We also have a number of highly specialised practices dedicated to niche human and veterinary pathology:

  • Abbott Pathology
  • TML Pathology
  • Kossard Dermatopathogists
  • IQ Pathology
  • Gastrolab
  • Vetnostics
  • Vetpath Laboratory Services
  • QML Pathology Vetnostics
  • ASAP Laboratory

Managed Health Services

Health & Co is the brand under which Healius is building a network of established GP practices.

Health & Co is a connected network of engaged health professionals united by the common goal of delivering patient-centred care.

Health & Co partners with independent doctors who want to continue to run their own practices with the benefit of its support. Health & Co helps practice owners to further build their businesses through smarter services and network advantages, including:

  • IT support
  • Marketing team and marketing programs
  • Centralised sourcing ·
  • Finance and administration
  • Property management
  • Human Resources assistance

Testimonials

Prof Kerryn Phelps AM

Owner of Cooper Street Clinic and Bourke Street Clinic

“Joining the Health & Co network has been the right choice for Bourke Street Clinic and Cooper Street Clinic, and for me personally. Partnering with Health & Co has brought compelling advantages for my practices.”

Dr Darren Ng

MBBS (Adelaide), FRACGP, One Care Medical Centre

“Health & Co have been a pleasure to partner with. The transition was smooth and supportive, with no disruptions to the daily operations. They are open and transparent, with excellent lines of communication. I really feel that Health & Co respects the independence of my clinic and is focused on helping us grow to develop the service for the local community.”

Dr Andrew Fahey

MBBS, FRACGP, Graceville Medical Centre

“The Health & Co team took the time to understand my needs as a doctor and found me the best clinic to suit my practice style, life circumstances and professional growth pathway.”

Eilidh Kennedy

Practice Manager, Cremorne

“Having recently transitioned to Health & Co, we’ve already benefitted from additional support in areas including GP recruitment, marketing, finance and IT. As part of the Health & Co network, I’m confident that the practice will continue to grow and thrive.”

Tricia Callegar

Practice Manager

“I was a new Practice Manager who commenced just prior to the acquisition, so the external support I received from Fiona and the Health & Co team was paramount. It was business as usual – no changes to the staff, the same ethos and culture. Behind the scenes, policies, protocols and HR requirements are streamlined which benefits staff, doctors and patients.”

It’s simple

We understand that every practice is different.

That’s why the experienced Health & Co Partnerships

Team are happy to work with you to map out a plan.

Managed Health Services

Mercury Spill Cleanup At Home

What to Do if You Break a Mercury Thermometer

mercury spill

A mercury spill is very serious.

Background

The evolution of the thermometer begins with the Greeks, with Hero of Alexandria recognising that certain substances expand and contract dependant on temperature. At that time, it was simply a water/air interface that was more of a scientific curiosity than a piece of practical equipment. It took another 1600 years for the first device that we might recognise to be invented, however this type of thermometer designed by Giuseppe Biancani in 1617, was actually called a thermoscope.

Fast-forward another century and Dutch inventor and scientist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit introduces the world to the first reliable thermometer. This was the first type of thermometer to use mercury instead of water/alcohol mixtures, and it was this design that would remain in use until after the Second World War. Today, that iconic mercury-based design has all but been replaced by other types of thermometer, however, while digital now rules, in Australia, they are more prevalent than in most other western countries.

Fahrenheit Scale: Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

What can be considered the first modern thermometer, the mercury thermometer with a standardized scale, was invented by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1714.

The Fahrenheit scale divided the freezing and boiling points of water into 180 degrees. 32°F was the freezing point of water and 212°F was the boiling point of water. 0°F was based on the temperature of an equal mixture of water, ice, and salt. Fahrenheit based his temperature scale on the temperature of the human body. Originally, the human body temperature was 100° F on the Fahrenheit scale, but it has since been adjusted to 98.6°F.

Centigrade Scale: Anders Celsius

The Celsius temperature scale is also referred to as the “centigrade” scale. Centigrade means “consisting of or divided into 100 degrees.” In 1742, the Celsius scale was invented by Swedish Astronomer Anders Celsius. The Celsius scale has 100 degrees between the freezing point (0°C) and boiling point (100°C) of pure water at sea level air pressure. The term “Celsius” was adopted in 1948 by an international conference on weights and measures.

Kelvin Scale: Lord Kelvin

Lord Kelvin took the whole process one step further with his invention of the Kelvin Scale in 1848. The Kelvin Scale measures the ultimate extremes of hot and cold. Kelvin developed the idea of absolute temperature, what is called the “Second Law of Thermodynamics”, and developed the dynamical theory of heat.

In the 19th century, scientists were researching what was the lowest temperature possible. The Kelvin scale uses the same units as the Celcius scale, but it starts at Absolute Zero, the temperature at which everything including air freezes solid. Absolute zero is 0 K, which is equal to 273°C degrees Celsius.

When a thermometer was used to measure the temperature of a liquid or of air, the thermometer was kept in the liquid or air while a temperature reading was being taken. Obviously, when you take the temperature of the human body you can’t do the same thing. The mercury thermometer was adapted so it could be taken out of the body to read the temperature.
The clinical or medical thermometer was modified with a sharp bend in its tube that was narrower than the rest of the tube. This narrow bend kept the temperature reading in place after you removed the thermometer from the patient by creating a break in the mercury column. That is why you shake a mercury medical thermometer before and after you use it, to reconnect the mercury and get the thermometer to return to room temperature.

Australia still allows the sale and use of mercury thermometers, while most of Europe and USA has outlawed their use in medical facilities due to the high toxicity of the substance itself. Today, in many cases, alternative types of thermometer are used either alongside mercury-based devices or as replacements. Here, we take a look at the different types of thermometer used today and what to do if your toxic mercury thermometer breaks.

Types of Thermometer Available Today

Mercury spill

Digital Thermometers – Digital thermometers are among the fastest and most accurate. Readings can be taken from under the tongue, the rectum, or the armpit in the same way as a traditional thermometer.

Ear Thermometers – Otherwise known as tympanic thermometers, this type of thermometer uses infrared light to make temperature reading.

Non-contact Thermometers – Non-contact thermometers also work with infrared to provide readings without contacting the body. They are probably the least accurate but can be useful for children.

Glass Thermometers – Traditional glass thermometers are still available, using either mercury or another substance such as alcohol to provide a reading.

Using a Mercury Thermometer? Here’s What to do if it Breaks

The first thing to remember if you break a mercury thermometer is that the silvery substance (mercury spill) contained within those glass tubes has the potential to be highly toxic. Of course, identifying whether it is really mercury in your thermometer is an important step, however, it is always better to be safe than sorry.

To help you identify whether the type of thermometer you are using is, in fact, mercury-based, ask yourself:

  • Is the liquid silver?

If it is not, then it is most likely to be an alcohol-based thermometer. If it is, then it may be either a mercury or a non-mercury thermometer.

  • Does the thermometer contain any warnings?

Sometimes, the paper calibration strip inside the thermometer will tell you which substance has been used. If there is no writing or warning, assume that it is mercury.

Cleaning up Mercury Spills

Mercury Spill

If your mercury thermometer breaks, then you can also identify whether the substance contained is mercury by observing its behaviour. Mercury is a liquid metal that has properties quite unique from other substances. Smaller droplets will pool together into a large sphere shape, which will break again into smaller droplets when pressure is applied. However, never touch mercury and take care not to scatter smaller droplets into hard-to-reach areas.

When cleaning up after a mercury spill, you should be careful to NEVER do the following:

• NEVER use a vacuum cleaner. This will disperse the mercury into the air

• NEVER use a broom. This will break the mercury into smaller droplets and disperse them.

• NEVER pour mercury down the drain. This can either damage plumbing, septic tanks, or sewage treatment plants while polluting at the same time.

• NEVER walk around with mercury on your shoes of clothing.

Additionally, you should prep the area where the mercury has been spilled by doing the following:

• Ask people to leave the area ensuring no one walks through the mercury as they do so. Remove any pets from the area. Open all windows and doors to the outside and close doors to other parts of the building.

• For absorbent surfaces, the contaminated items must be disposed of according to the guidelines below

• For non-absorbent surfaces, clean-up is easier

• Do not allow children or elderly people to help you clean up

Instructions on How to Clean up Mercury Spills

Mercury Spill
  1. Put on latex, rubber, or nitrile gloves.
  2. Cover the affected areas with powdered sulphur, this will make the mercury easier to see and suppress any vapours.
  3. Pick up any broken glass or other debris, fold within a paper towel and place in a labelled, Ziplock bag.
  4. Use a piece of cardboard or plastic to gather mercury beads. Use slow sweeping motions. Darken the room and hold a torch at the low angle to check for any other mercury. Inspect the entire room.
  5. Use an eyedropper to draw up the mercury. Dispense onto a damp paper towel. Place the paper towel in a labelled, Ziplock bag.
  6. Place all items, including gloves, into a trash bag. Label the bag as hazardous and containing mercury.
  7. Go to the Australian Government Department of the Environment for details on how to properly dispose of mercury.

If you wish to read more about safety around the home click HERE to read about Safety In The Kitchen.

Food Health Safety

Food Health Safety

Safe Food Handling Practices In The Kitchen.

There are many reasons families may mishandle foods.

Food Health SafetySome of the more common barriers to safe food handling are described below.

“When I make dinner, I have my routine. I really don’t have to think about it too much.”

Food preparation, for many, is a repeated or habitual behavior. The more often a task like preparing food is repeated, the more “automatic” it becomes—that is, less cognitive effort is needed.

Intervening to break this chain of events by introducing a new procedure (e.g., using soap to wash hands instead of just rinsing them, using a thermometer to judge doneness instead of just assessing color) is challenging.

Responsibility Deflection

“It’s not my responsibility.”

Some families feel food safety is the responsibility of others higher in the food safety chain who control food safety risks prior to food being offered for sale As a result, they deem food safety as not important in the home environment and may not accept their role in preventing foodborne illness in the home. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health

food health safety

Risky Preferences for Food Health Safety

“I enjoy eggs with a runny center.” “I prefer the taste of rare meat.”

These families are concerned the new behavior will  change the taste of foods and diminish their pleasure. This is important to consider given that taste is the number one driver of food choices.

food health safety

Cost: Benefit Miscalculations

“That takes too much time!” “It’s inconvenient.”

Some feel the time, effort, and resources needed to make the change are not reasonable or convenient. Foodborne illness often is mild and of short duration, thus many families may not be aware of its sometimes devastating and deadly outcomes when they (mis)calculate the value of safe food handling procedures.

Social Fears

“What would my family think if I checked their burgers with a thermometer?”

Individuals with the primary responsibility for preparing foods in their household indicate that they take great pride in their cooking. In addition, they highly rate the quality of the work done by those who prepare foods in their homes to ensure the safety of their food. Some household food preparers feel that new behaviors, like using thermometers to check cooking temperatures, would diminish the opinions others have of their skills as a cook.

Faulty Outcome Expectations

“I’ve always done it this way and haven’t gotten sick.”

These families o not perceive that the current way of behaving is problematic (or making them susceptible) to foodborne illness. They may fail to understand how emerging pathogens and changes in the food supply make what was once a safe behavior (e.g., eating raw eggs or rare burgers) a risky behavior. Compounding this problem is that few believe that home prepared foods are a likely cause of foodborne illness.

food health Safety

Optimistic Bias

“It won’t happen to me.

Nearly 6 out of 10 families believe their chances of getting foodborne illness are low. Some families believe that they have a small chance of getting a foodborne illness compared to others. This optimistic bias is positively linked with risky behaviors and neglects to take precautionary measures, which is related to increased incidence of accidents and foodborne illness.

Most (90%) report their personal risk of illness from eating food they prepared is low. But, when asked about the risk of others in their social group, only 41% thought these individuals had a low risk of illness from eating food they prepared. Rating one’s own risk as lower than others in one’s social group—those with whom an individual compares him or herself—is an indicator of low motivation to change precautionary behaviors.

Illusions of Control

“We take the necessary precautions in my home.”

Two-thirds believe they exert high levels of control over safe food handling when they prepare food. When asked what grade a food safety expert would give them for food preparation, service, and storage in their home, all but 2% gave themselves passing grades. When the family used a retail food establishment food safety evaluation checklist adapted for homes, scores were considerably lower. Scores were even lower when trained auditors evaluated home kitchens—the average grade was failing.

Making these results more disheartening is that participants in these home visit studies were aware that researchers would be coming to their home to observe and evaluate their kitchen practices.

How Can Health Professionals Help The Family Handle Food More Safely?

Health behavior change theories, such as the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior, and Social Cognitive Theory, provide valuable roadmaps for identifying key constructs to address when aiming to effect behavior change.

Although thousands of studies demonstrate the usefulness of these theories in designing effective interventions for a wide array of health behaviors, including food safety, few food safety interventions have been theory based. Food safety education programs built on the constructs below have the potential to help families gain the  knowledge, skills, motivation, and confidence needed to handle foods more safely.

Boost Knowledge

For behaviors associated with Clean, Separate, Chill, and Cook, many families are aware of the food safety basics. Families also understand that “germs” can hurt them. However, many still have food safety knowledge gaps and their knowledge of safe food handling practices does not always correspond with reported use. This suggests a need to build consumer knowledge, activate existing knowledge, and motivate information application.

Highlight Responsibility

Their own responsibility than that of others in the food safety chain or believe their risk of foodborne illness is controlled by fate or luck. Some feel they have little responsibility because they believe most foodborne illnesses are caused earlier in the food safety chain or by retail food establishments. Helping families understand the magnitude of control they have in their own homes as food safety risk managers and finding motivators—such as helping them understand that by using a thermometer, loved ones are less likely become sick from undercooked meat or showing them how easy thermometers are to use—can help promote behavior change.

Heighten Recognition of Susceptibility and Severity of Outcomes

Engaging in health protective behaviors is associated with greater perceived susceptibility or beliefs in the likelihood of a negative health outcome and its severity. For example, those who Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10 4071 believe food poisoning is a personal threat eat fewer risky foods.  food health safetyPersonalizing risks can help get better understand their own foodborne illness susceptibility. Thus, interventions should help families learn who is at increased risk for foodborne illness as better knowledge of these groups predicts better compliance with safe food handling recommendations.

Emphasize Behavioral Control

Perceived behavioral control is a significant predictor of safe food handling intentions.

However, it is difficult to motivate families to change when they feel confident that they are already controlling foodborne illness risks in their kitchens. Tools that help families pinpoint problems in their own kitchen, such as home kitchen food safety self-assessments, could personalize the message and increase their awareness of problem spots. These tools also can clarify how current behaviors could be endangering their health and how simple changes can lower the danger level. Another tool is “recipe Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)”—that is, teaching families to identify steps in a recipe that may increase food safety hazards and think ahead about how to resolve them.

Build Confidence

If families are worried about possible embarrassment of performing new behaviors, like using a cooking thermometer, improving attitudes toward the behavior and changing beliefs about how others in their social network perceive the behavior can build the confidence needed to motivate families to make changes. Social networks may influence a broad array of health-risk behaviors, especially among adolescents. Although few studies examining the role of social influences

on food safety behaviors could be located, studies of other health behaviors strongly suggest that utilizing social networks in food safety interventions could increase their effectiveness. In addition, working to shift social norms, such as by modeling thermometer use or other food safety behaviors on television programs can help build confidence (an example of a video clip that shifted social norms that may be familiar to readers is the “double” dipping” clip from a Seinfeld episode.

food health safety

Offer Cues to Action

Researchers have reported that families take food safety precautions only when they perceive a risk, such as when they handle raw poultry, fear they may give others food poisoning, or when others are watching. At other times, families may be acting out of habit and make food handling mistakes because they lack “cues to action”. Fein and colleagues use the analogy of driving a car—drivers are constantly taking protective actions in response to cues, such as the yellow stripe in the middle of the road or a stop sign. But, when making dinner, hazards are not visible (e.g., pathogens on the unwashed produce that are contaminating the counter and our hands) and there are few, if any, cues to remind us to practice safe food handling (e.g., use soap to wash hands or keep washed and unwashed produce separated).

Risk messages or handling instructions on food packages help cue some to change their behavior. In one study, the control group received a chicken salad recipe and the experimental group received the same recipe with a printed message encouraging them to take great care to avoid cross contaminating the salad by preventing raw meat juices from coming in contact with other ingredients and utensils. Salads made by the group receiving the cue had significantly less bacteria than those made by the control group, putting the experimental group at a four-fold lower relative risk of falling ill than the control group. Another study that involved preparing a chicken salad recipe found that only 57% of important hygiene measures (i.e., washing hands with soap and water, checking doneness with a thermometer) were used by participants.

Food Health Safety

food health safety

Adding food safety cues to food packages may be particularly effective given that nearly half of families indicate they commonly read cooking instructions on food packages. Placing soap dispensers in direct line of sight also helps improve hand washing. Adding endpoint cooking temperatures in educational materials and cookbooks are other cues to action. Printing washing instructions on reusable grocery bags could cue families to wash them.

These are some thing that can help improve food safety on the home.